URLs in this
record were updated.Links enclosed in curly
brackets were modified.If a alternative hyperlink turned into placed,
the brand new URL turned into brought and the hyperlink is energetic; if a new web page couldn’t be
diagnosed, the broken link became eliminated.
Mathematics Education Resources at themanual is designed basically for the arithmetic educator, whether or not in
the role of trainer or because the pupil in a university training software. The
majority of assets blanketed here awareness on number one and secondary
education, but many can also easily apply to college level. Librarians will
additionally find the databases, reference equipment, and the biographic websites
beneficial. Because the wide variety of Internet sites covering mathematics
education is so huge, a guide to the maximum crucial ones is useful. To
illustrate this, a search on the Google search engine under “mathematics
education” discovered 218,000 hits and over 2 million sites whilst searched
without the costs.
Sections on this guide describe the main Internet websites in every
class that provide high excellent facts. These assets were
selected primarily based on currency and depth and breadth of insurance. All selected
web sites offer their resources freely and, with best exceptions, are
hosted via instructional institutions, government offices, or non-profit
This manual updates and expands on preceding math training bibliographies
and specializes in the educator as researcher, in addition to teacher.
Resources were decided on to facilitate the research of the educator and
librarian. Links to math education on line bibliographic databases, math
reference tools, and professional development are included. Previous math
education bibliographies, Brown & Murphy (2000), Haury &
Zand (1996), and Ozgun-Koca (1998a),
attention usually at the educator as trainer and include assets for
students and parents. Curriculum assets which include lesson plans,
troubles, and biographies are protected, but more element is supplied right here
within the annotations, together with comparative records and links. Quotes
are used within the annotations to signify that the information comes
from the website online’s pages.
Articles within the References section have been additionally selected to provide
statistics on related subjects and print sources not covered in this webliography.
The resources by way of Crowe & Zand (2000) and Roberts (2002) focus solely on arithmetic and will facilitate finding on line
links to specific topics. Links to era inside the school room are defined in (Ozgun-Koca 1998b).The bibliography of web resources on the records of
arithmetic via Barrow-Green (1998) describes resources associated with
unique subjects and those. It enhances the historic assets described right here.
Articles by means of Brown & Murphy (2000) and Ozgun-Koca (1998a) every encompass a listing of math training journals. Periodicals are
not included right here due to the fact maximum aren’t freely to be had.
The following resources have been useful in finding math schooling web sites: NCTM
Newsletter “Web Bytes” column, Math
Forum, Google, and Librarians Index to the Internet. Many
assets had been familiar to the writer from years of retaining a topic
page in math schooling and operating with college and graduate students in
The most comprehensive Internet sites for arithmetic training are
Math Forum and ERIC Clearinghouse for Science, Mathematics and
Environmental Education. They cope with modern-day troubles in math education and
offer search engines for finding extra statistics at the Internet. The
ERIC Clearinghouse affords access to authentic studies through the ERIC
Database. Math Forum is a well-prepared and searchable website online for Internet
statistics and hyperlinks to key subjects in arithmetic.
ERIC Clearinghouse for Science, Mathematics and Environmental
The ERIC Clearinghouse for SMEE, that is a part of the ERIC: Educational Resources Information Center is a “national statistics system designed to offer prepared get right of entry to to an intensive frame of training-related
literature.” An vital part of ERIC is the AskERIC page, an “Ask the Expert” carrier. Users may additionally post their query to AskERIC and acquire a solution from an expert at one of the ERIC Clearinghouses. Internet assets inside AskERIC are the “Question Archive”, the lesson plans database, and the ERIC Database. The ERIC Database that’s freely to be had, is a primary index for math training resources. It indexes journal articles, ERIC files, books, theses, conference papers, and standards in all areas of education. The ERIC Clearinghouse for SMEE also gives the total-textual content of ERIC Digest articles, lists of journals in math schooling, information announcements, and hyperlinks to Internet sources and expert societies’ domestic pages. This website is effortlessly navigated and consists of a Google web site search engine.
The ERIC Clearinghouse agreement with the Department of Education expires
in December 2003.A reorganization of the ERIC gadget is being taken into consideration
which could extensively exchange ERIC offerings and information.The future of
ERIC offerings are unknown at the time of guide.
Math Forum Internet Mathematics Library
This website identifies itself as the “leading middle for mathematics and arithmetic training at the Internet” and without any reservations I might agree that its coverage of math education is first rate. It consists of a seemingly countless number of sources for instructors, college students, and mathematicians in guide of its assignment to “enhance and aid teaching and getting to know.” Emphasis is placed on math training on the K – 12 stage, however college degree resources are not excluded. Separate sections focus on Math Education Topics and Key Issues in Math, with the latter inclusive of tips to career facts. The Math Library and Math Education Resources both link to masses of Internet pages. The “Resources” page is comfortably organized by means of challenge inside grade level. Math Forum is properly organized, but is so comprehensive that repeated searches are important to seize the overall breadth of its coverage. The Quick Reference Sheet affords help and a navigational assessment.
Online Bibliographic Databases
While maximum bibliographic databases are supplied as price-based totally services, both the
MATHDI and ERIC databases can be used without a subscription. MATHDI has an
worldwide taste with, greater European journals than ERIC.Coverage differs as
properly. The scope of MATHDI is math and computer science training, while ERIC indexes
all subject areas of education.Subscription databases researchers might also want to
seek include H.W.Wilson’s Education Index and OCLC’s Worldcat.
ERIC (Educational Resources Information Center) Database
The ERIC Database, which is freely to be had on the Internet, indexes over one million references to magazine articles, ERIC files, books, theses, conference papers, and requirements published from 1966 to the present. In addition to “Basic” and “Advanced” Searches, the database can be browsed through “Topics Organized Hierarchically” or by using “Topics Organized Alphabetically” at the
ERIC Search Page.
MATHDI, Mathematics Didactics Database
MATHDI is the online version of International Reviews on Mathematical
Education. This bibliographic database covers arithmetic education and
laptop technology at all education degrees, together with person and instructor training, from
1976 to the existing. It indexes journals, conference papers, books, reports,
software program, media, and non-traditional literature.Although the whole MathDI
database is available on line, only 3 results in step with seek are lower back with out a
subscription, so a narrowly described search will paintings fine. Nevertheless that is a
valuable useful resource for citations not with no trouble determined some place else. The list of serials indexed via MATHDI
may be browsed by way of magazine name. MATHDI includes a section of its personal articles on
arithmetic schooling, however the complete-text is for subscribers most effective.
Online Reference Tools
As reference equipment, these websites are aimed toward educators, college students and
anybody desiring encyclopedic or manual facts in arithmetic. The
Prime Mathematics Encyclopedia, Mathematical Atlas, and World of
Mathematics, all provide encyclopedic statistics on arithmetic subjects at
differing educational tiers. Listed so as of growing trouble, the
Prime Mathematics Encyclopedia is the maximum reachable. World of
Mathematics is the maximum mathematical. Calculators Online and Dictionary of
Units are interactive handbooks. Both assets include online calculators
to carry out operations and historical past information.
The Prime Mathematics Encyclopedia
The Prime Mathematics Encyclopedia is part of the Platonic Realms web site.
Users can browse topics alphabetically, using a sidebar guide to restriction with the aid of
difficulty and level if preferred. To look for subjects suitable to
pre-university degree math, use the “elementary level” and “Basic Math”
buttons. Entries consist of links to different terms within the encyclopedia and
while available to an extended article for that subject matter. Most of the prolonged
articles are written for the general reader. Platonic Realms web site also
includes a math
quotes database. Although the Prime Mathematics Encyclopedia is freely
to be had, the Platonic Realms site is a commercial web page and does provide
merchandise on the market.
Mathematical Atlas A Gateway to Modern Mathematics
Mathematical Atlas is basically an internet encyclopedia containing “quick articles, designed to provide an advent to the regions of present day mathematics and suggestions to in addition facts” on a topic’s records, software program, textbooks, and programs. References and links to associated on-line statistics are provided. Topics are organized via the Mathematics Subject Classification scheme. I endorse the usage of this situation scheme through the “browse” button as a navigational place to begin in place of the “search” button that provides key-word looking. The latter technique might also purpose the person to depart Mathematical Atlas as it hyperlinks to sources both within and outside to the web page. The excursion and assist display offer navigational aids. This encyclopedia offers an creation to subjects at a college stage.
Eric Weisstein’s World of Mathematics
MathWorld is a complete and animated Internet encyclopedia of
arithmetic that is continuously updated. An alphabetical index or key-word
search engine may be used for locating records. Entries provide hyperlinks
to associated subjects inside the World of Mathematics website online. This is an
advanced encyclopedia with entries showing college level
arithmetic. Although that is a commercial web site and does provide links to
its products and services, it’s far carried out discreetly. Originally advanced via
Eric Weisstein, it’s far now hosted and sponsored by using Wolfram Research, Inc.
Calculators Online Reference Center
Containing over 16,000 links to on-line calculators, the Calculator Center is a part of Jim Martindale’s Reference Desk. The calculator are grouped in 4 components: “General”, “Mathematics and Statistics”, “Science”, and “Engineering”. In each section the calculators are organized alphabetically inside foremost challenge subjects. The consumer navigates the website online through the table that lists all topics. The calculators visually demonstrate the action and allow interactive calculations. The Calculator Center is complete, such as simple mathematics calculation through superior university arithmetic, but with the aid of not supplying a search engine for the calculators, this site is not without difficulty navigated.
A Dictionary of Units
A Dictionary of Units “presents a summary of most of the gadgets of
measurement to be found in use round the world these days (and a few of
historical interest), collectively with an appropriate conversion factors
needed to exchange them into a ‘wellknown’ unit of the SI.” Includes on-line
calculators to make the conversion. Each calculator comes with an
encyclopedia-like entry of heritage statistics. An alphabetical listing of
devices offers definitions, conversion elements, and hyperlinks to calculators
How Many? A Dictionary of Units of Measure
How Many? defines gadgets of measure, both not unusual and unconventional. It
consists of the International System of Measure, Metric, and English
Traditional systems. In the novel class, it lists gadgets that
are in most cases utilized in one locality, e.g., “butcher”, a South Australian
measure of beer; devices utilized in historic times, e.g., “toman”, of Persian
beginning and still utilized in Turkey and Iran; or simply exciting gadgets, e.g.,
“smoot” or “slinch”, the latter invented with the aid of NASA. Access is alphabetical
and entries consist of descriptions and ancient notes with hyperlinks to
different terms within the dictionary and to outside web sites. No calculator is
included. This is a amusing and thrilling website online.
This website presents mathematical tables for primary through university
level arithmetic. It is designed for brief appearance-up of math terms and
formulation while handiest quick table facts is wanted. Designed and
maintained by using David Manura, it’s also to be had in a Spanish textual content version.
Biographical and Historical Resources
Frequently, instructors want information of a ancient or biographical
nature about a topic or mathematician. The following web sites are widely known
for in-depth encyclopedic entries with references. Sites specific to at least one
subject matter, for example, dedicated solely to Euclid, are not protected here, but
can without difficulty be discovered using one of the searchable sources listed beneath Starting Points or Google.
An splendid starting point for historic and biographical facts in
arithmetic, this website contains numerous indexes for locating biographies
and topical entries. In addition to an index for the history of math, MacTutor History of
Mathematics, and biographies, Index of
Biographies, the website includes a Famous
Curves Index and Mathematicians
of the Day. Alphabetical indexes or the website online seek engine can be used
for navigation. This website is hosted with the aid of the University of St. Andrews in
Scotland and become created and maintained by Edmund Robertson and John
MacTutor History of Mathematics
This resource is the history of mathematics part of the MacTutor site
named above. Topical information is observed via cultural, alphabetical,
or situation indexes. This site also includes birthplace maps, timelines,
and mathematicians’ anniversaries calendar.
MacTutor Index of Biographies
This website is the biographical part of the MacTutor web page named above.
More than 1400 mathematicians are described and plenty of biographies encompass a
picture. Entries are effortlessly determined thru alphabetical or chronological
indexes. An index to girls mathematicians is likewise blanketed.
Biographies of Women Mathematicians
Biographies of Women Mathematicians incorporates biographies of famous girls
mathematicians, as part of an on-going assignment by means of “college students in mathematics
training at Agnes Scott College, in Atlanta, Georgia, to illustrate the
numerous achievements of girls within the area of mathematics.” The a hundred twenty five plus
entries vary significantly in period and amount of statistics provided.
Alphabetical and chronological indexes provide clean navigation. Not all
biographies overlap with MacTutor. A page of resources for in addition take a look at
is also furnished.
Mathematicians of the African Diaspora (MAD)
Mathematicians of the African Diaspora profiles Black mathematicians and
scientists, which includes a history and biographies of Blacks in arithmetic,
and a separate segment of Black women in mathematics. Other sections
encompass statistics on Blacks in computer technology, physics and astronomy.
Links to modern-day activity openings and expert societies also are
supplied. This is an exciting web site that includes statistics not
easily found some place else.
Mathematical Quotations Server
From Furman University, the Quotations Server affords a collection of
mathematical prices. Navigation is by way of a key-word search or through a
surfing alphabetical listing of creator names. The citation database may additionally
Sites with lesson plans are numerous, however the hyperlinks indexed underneath are top
starting points because they result in unique lessons. The Maser
Generation II Project offers a well annotated list of lesson plan
on line collections. The different sites every have a different emphasis or
strength and provide the lesson plans or link to a selected lesson as
targeted inside the annotations. More curriculum initiatives are defined in
the Mathematics Education section of TERC, that is in addition defined underneath Professional Societies.
Maser Generation II Project – General Math Sites
Many Internet sites point to lesson plans and issues, but the Maser
Project is particularly beneficial because every hyperlink is nicely annotated.
Descriptions for each web site encompass recognition and target market, in addition to
descriptive data. Numerous listings for lesson plans, troubles,
puzzles and games are given. Navigation with the aid of grade stage is furnished via
the use of three tables for math subjects suitable to fundamental, center,
and excessive faculty math.
Ask ERIC Lesson Plans Collection – Mathematics
The AskERIC Lesson Plan Collection incorporates K – 12 lesson plans written by
teachers. Lesson plans are organized by means of extensive subject place and grade
Breaking Away from the Math Book: Creative Projects for
This web page presents a small collection of nicely-designed lesson plans for K
– eight. The lesson plans include specified instructions and provide historical past
statistics for teachers.
CEC Lesson Plans
Columbia Education Center consists of lesson plans in math and science,
focused mainly at elementary and center school ranges. CEC additionally hyperlinks to
lesson plans on the Internet. There is not any difficulty searching. All lesson
plans are indexed with the aid of broad grade degree.
ENC Lesson Plans-math topics
Eisenhower National Clearinghouse became created to accumulate K – 12 teaching materials for educators in math and science. ENC affords hyperlinks to lesson plans, national requirements, kingdom frameworks, curriculum assets, and expert improvement. The Reference Resources link at ENC consists of an “Ask-an-Expert” carrier and on line hyperlinks to biography sites and actual statistics sources.
Math Forum – Lesson Plans
Part of Math Forum, this page points to hundreds of instructions plans
searchable by way of topic or grade degree. A seek engine gives key-word
searching, with the ability to limit by way of stage. A “Power Search” allows
special looking by way of resource kind and grade degree.
Problems and Contests
Refer to hyperlinks under Lesson Plans for issues extra
appropriate to lecture room use. The websites listed right here offer current
statistics on mathematical competitions and hassle lists, some with
American Mathematics Competitions
Sponsored by using Mathematical Association of America (MAA), this site gives contemporary information on the American Mathematics Competitions (AMC), which “seeks to boom interest in arithmetic and to broaden problem solving capacity through a chain of friendly arithmetic contests for junior and senior high faculty college students.” AMC additionally offers a downloadable Teachers Manual and pattern questions from preceding contests. A Problem Archive has past problems from several contests, which may be downloaded. The Problem directory gives Internet hyperlinks to math problems from specific contests. The web site is also to be had in French.
Mathematics Contests, Competitions, and Problems Sets
Part of Math Archive, this web site gives Internet hyperlinks to contests,
competitions, and hassle sets for elementary colleges via college
degree. To facilitate navigation the contest section is divided by using academic
stage, but the Internet trouble set hyperlinks provide too little content material
records to be beneficial.
Mathschallenge affords problems for middle and high college college students.
There isn’t any subject index, besides inside the Problem
Archive, however problems are indexed by way of grade level. Solutions are
supplied for all issues, besides for the present day month’s listings. The
“Problem Archive” lists troubles by 4 huge problem classes and
consists of printable variations and answers. An “Internet Search” offers
keyword attempting to find diverse web sites providing math troubles. There is a
separate listing of problems in code breaking.
20,000 Problems Under the Sea – Mathematical Treasure at the Web
This web site become created out of a need to gather in a single location math issues
suitable for homework and take a look at troubles, as such they are less hard
than problems created for competition. There are “precisely 20,000 problems
from 38 journals and 21 contests, all posted earlier than 1990.” Solutions
are not blanketed, but references to the trouble and a source for its
solution are. Problems are suitable for college kids in excessive college and
beyond. A seek engine or keyword index can be used to navigate thru
the issues, however there may be no easy way to limit the hunt by means of stage of
Society net pages offer facts on club, activities, profession and
employment, expert improvement, and frequently, on-line resources. NCTM
and MAA are two of the primary society publishers for math education
materials and provide additional resources for individuals.
American Mathematical Society: Mathematics Research and Scholarship
The awareness of the AMS is broadly speaking at the college level for mathematicians, however its domestic web page gives a few records applicable to teachers within the K – 12 colleges: Career information, Issues in Mathematics Education, and High School Students and Teachers all offer relevant statistics and links. The Directory of Members additionally includes members of MAA and AWM. Public Awareness promotes awareness of arithmetic and offers links to facts and articles of interest to the overall population.
Association of Teachers of Mathematics (ATM)
This British corporation consists in particular of math instructors in primary
and secondary faculties. The domestic page affords professional development
information, online resources, and product critiques.
Association for Women in Mathematics (AWM)
This association encourages women within the mathematical sciences. The
affiliation has a mentoring network, which matches up mentors and people
seeking to be mentored. There is likewise a profession phase with links to
articles and employment resources. In addition there’s a phase with
biographies of ladies mathematicians.
Mathematical Association of America (MAA)
MAA is “dedicated to the pursuits of collegiate arithmetic,” in
specific, teaching. MAA Online consists of articles of interest to
mathematicians, e book reviews, and a list of their guides, in
addition to the usual communications of a professional society web page.
Mathematical Sciences Education Board of the Center for Education (MSEB)
http://www.nap.edu/openbook.personal home page?record_id=2071&page=161
The project of MSEB is “to offer national management and steering for regulations, packages, and practices assisting the improvement of arithmetic training at all stages and for all individuals of our society.” This website offers statistics on modern and finished projects supported with the aid of MSEB. Project reviews are available on-line or may be purchased if a print replica is desired. A calendar of upcoming meetings is also supplied.
National Council of Teachers of Mathematics (NCTM)
NCTM is the most important arithmetic education business enterprise within the world and is devoted to enhancing mathematics training for essential thru high faculty college students. Provides a link to the overall-text of the Principles and Standards for School Mathematics. The attention is on teaching in the US and Canada. A comparable UK agency is the Association of Teachers of Mathematics, also listed right here. Online sources are accessible thru separate pages every for basic, center faculty, and high school level math.
School Science and Mathematics Association (SSMA)
SSMA is for “trainer educators and teachers of K – 12 technology and
mathematics”. Their Internet web page presents conference, employment, and
TERC is a studies and development enterprise whose goal is to “improve
mathematics, science and technology teaching and mastering.” Of particular
interest is the mathematics education phase describing curriculum initiatives with
links to the tasks’ Internet sites. The hyperlinks to associated publications
and initiatives are helpful in navigating this web site.
Math Forum – Public Discussion
Math Forum points to discussion companies via name. Most groups originate
some place else, however are archived at Math Forum; but, Math Forum also hosts
numerous of its own. Two of them are Teacher2Teacher Discussion, a group
for instructors and dad and mom approximately coaching mathematics, and Problem of the Week
Discussion, which offers a means of sharing information about Math
Forum’s “Problems of the Week”.
Math Forum – Teacher Education and Professional
The “Professional Education and Career Development” region of Math Forum
affords facts on unique topics, including calculus reform, as properly
as links to professional improvement, continuing training, process placement,
and conference information.
World Lecture Hall
WHL hyperlinks to courseware on the Internet, imparting course cloth pages created by faculty worldwide. WLH links to courses on the university stage in 83 challenge classes, all freely available. Credit may be acquired for guides thru their authorised universities or packages.
Barrow-Green, J. 1998. History of
Mathematics: Resources on the World Wide Web. Mathematics in
Brown, C.M. & Murphy, T.J. 2000.
Research in Undergraduate Mathematics Education. Reference Services
Review 28(1): 65-eighty.
Crowe, D. & Zand, H. 2000. Computers and
Undergraduate Mathematics 3: Internet Resources. Computers and
Haury, D.L. & Milbourne, L.A. 1996. Mathematics Education Resources at the World Wide Web. ERIC Digest, no. ED 402157. [Online] Available: http://files.eric.ed.gov/fulltext/ED402157.pdf [September 1996].
Joseph, L.C. 1998. Blue Chip Mathematics
Sites. MultiMedia Schools five(1):forty four-forty seven.
Ozgun-Koca, S.A. 1998a. Information Sources for Mathematics Education. ERIC Digest, no. ED433190. [Online] Available: http://documents.eric.ed.gov/fulltext/ED433190.pdf [October 1998].
________. 1998b. Technology in Mathematics Education: Internet Resources. ERIC Digest, no. ED433192. [Online] Available: http://files.eric.ed.gov/fulltext/ED433192.pdf [October 1998].
Roberts, B.A. 2002. Mathematics Resources
on the Internet. Issues in Science & Technology
Librarianship 35: Summer. [Online] Available:
http://www.istl.org/02-summer time/internet.html [Summer 2002].