Desk Of Contents (stanford Encyclopedia Of Philosophy)

A

  • abduction (Igor Douven)
  • Abelard [Abailard], Peter (Peter King and Andrew Arlig)
  • Abhidharma (Noa Ronkin)
  • competencies (John Maier)
  • Abner of Burgos (Shalom Sadik)
  • Abrabanel, Judah (Aaron Hughes)
  • abstract items (José L. Falguera, Concha Martínez-Vidal, and Gideon Rosen)
  • accidental houses — see essential vs. accidental houses
  • action (George Wilson and Samuel Shpall)
    • joint — see employer: shared
    • common sense of — see common sense: action
  • motion-based totally theories of notion (Robert Briscoe and Rick Grush)
  • motion at a distance — see quantum mechanics: action at a distance in
  • actualism (Christopher Menzel)
  • actualism and possibilism in ethics (Travis Timmerman and Yishai Cohen)
  • adaptationism (Steven Hecht Orzack and Patrick Forber)
  • Addams, Jane (Maurice Hamington)
  • Adorno, Theodor W. (Lambert Zuidervaart)
  • enhance directives (Agnieszka Jaworska)
  • Aegidius Romanus — see Giles of Rome
  • Aenesidemus — see skepticism: ancient
  • aesthetic, concept of the (James Shelley)
  • aesthetics
    • 19th Century Romantic (Keren Gorodeisky)
    • aesthetic judgment (Nick Zangwill)
    • Beardsley — see Beardsley, Monroe C.: aesthetics
    • British, inside the 18th century (James Shelley)
    • Collingwood — see Collingwood, Robin George: aesthetics
    • Croce — see Croce, Benedetto: aesthetics
    • definition of art — see artwork, definition of
    • Dewey — see Dewey, John: aesthetics
    • environmental (Allen Carlson)
    • existentialist (Jean-Philippe Deranty)
    • feminist — see feminist philosophy, interventions: aesthetics
    • French, in the 18th century (Jennifer Tsien and Jacques Morizot)
    • Gadamer — see Gadamer, Hans-Georg: aesthetics
    • German, within the 18th century (Paul Guyer)
    • Goodman — see Goodman, Nelson: aesthetics
    • Hegel — see Hegel, Georg Wilhelm Friedrich: aesthetics
    • Heidegger — see Heidegger, Martin: aesthetics
    • Hume — see Hume, David: aesthetics
    • Japanese — see Japanese Philosophy: aesthetics
    • Plato — see Plato: aesthetics
    • Schopenhauer — see Schopenhauer, Arthur: aesthetics
    • Wittgenstein — see Wittgenstein, Ludwig: aesthetics
  • aesthetics of the everyday (Yuriko Saito)
  • aesthetic cost — see aesthetic, concept of the
  • affirmative action (Robert Fullinwider)
  • Africana Philosophy (Lucius T. Outlaw Jr.)
    • modern (Paul C. Taylor)
  • African Philosophy
    • ethics (Kwame Gyekye)
    • sage philosophy (Dismas Masolo)
  • afterlife (William Hasker and Charles Taliaferro)
  • employer (Markus Schlosser)
    • shared (Abraham Sesshu Roth)
  • agent-relative vs. agent-neutral motives — see motives for movement: agent-impartial vs. agent-relative
  • agnosticism — see atheism and agnosticism
  • Agrippa — see skepticism: historic
  • Agrippa von Nettesheim, Heinrich Cornelius (Vittoria Perrone Compagni)
  • Akan Philosophy
    • of the person (Ajume Wingo)
  • akrasia — see weakness of will
  • al-Baghdadi, ‘Abd al-Latif (Cecilia Martini Bonadeo)
  • al-Farabi (Therese-Anne Druart)
    • philosophy of good judgment and language (Wilfrid Hodges and Therese-Anne Druart)
    • philosophy of society and religion (Nadja Germann)
    • psychology and epistemology (Luis Xavier López-Farjeat)
  • al-Ghazali (Frank Griffel)
  • al-Kindi (Peter Adamson)
  • al-Razi, Abu Bakr (Peter Adamson)
  • Albalag, Isaac (Bakinaz Abdalla)
  • Albert of Saxony (Joél Biard)
  • Albert the Great [= Albertus magnus] (Markus Führer)
  • Albo, Joseph (Dror Ehrlich)
  • Alcmaeon (Carl Huffman)
  • Alexander, Samuel (Emily A. E. Thomas)
  • Alexander of Aphrodisias (Dorothea Frede)
  • algebra (Vaughan Pratt)
  • algebra of good judgment tradition (Stanley Burris and Javier Legris)
  • alienation (David Leopold)
  • Althusser, Louis (William Lewis)
  • altruism (Richard Kraut)
    • biological (Samir Okasha)
    • empirical approaches (John Doris, Stephen Stich, and Lachlan Walmsley)
  • Alyngton, Robert (Alessandro Conti)
  • ambiguity (Adam Sennet)
  • Ammonius (David Blank)
  • Ammonius Saccas — see Plotinus
  • analogy
    • medieval theories of (E. Jennifer Ashworth)
  • analogy and analogical reasoning (Paul Bartha)
  • evaluation (Michael Beaney)
  • analytic/artificial difference (Georges Rey)
  • anaphora (Jeffrey C. King and Karen S. Lewis)
  • anarchism (Andrew Fiala)
  • Anaxagoras (Patricia Curd)
  • Anaxarchus — see Pyrrho
  • Anderson, John (Creagh McLean Cole)
  • Andronicus of Rhodes — see Aristotle, commentators on
  • animal
    • cognition (Kristin Andrews and Susana Monsó)
    • awareness (Colin Allen and Michael Trestman)
  • animalism (Stephan Blatti)
  • animals, ethical reputation of (Lori Gruen)
  • anomalous monism (Steven Yalowitz)
  • Anscombe, Gertrude Elizabeth Margaret (Julia Driver)
  • Anselm, Saint [Anselm of Bec, Anselm of Canterbury] (Thomas Williams)
  • anti-realism, ethical — see ethical anti-realism
  • Antiochus of Ascalon (James Allen)
  • a posteriori information — see a priori justification and information
  • look vs. truth
    • epistemological issues of perception — see perception: epistemological issues of
    • skepticism — see skepticism
  • a priori justification and understanding (Bruce Russell)
  • Aquinas, Saint Thomas (Ralph McInerny and John O’Callaghan)
    • moral, political, and prison philosophy (John Finnis)
  • Arabic and Islamic Philosophy, disciplines in
    • metaphysics (Amos Bertolacci)
    • herbal philosophy and natural technology (Jon McGinnis)
    • philosophy of language and common sense (Tony Street and Nadja Germann)
    • psychology and philosophy of mind (Alfred Ivry)
  • Arabic and Islamic Philosophy, historic and methodological topics in
    • Greek sources (Cristina D’Ancona)
    • have an impact on of Arabic and Islamic Philosophy on Judaic notion (Mauro Zonta)
    • influence of Arabic and Islamic Philosophy on the Latin West (Dag Nikolaus Hasse)
  • Arabic and Islamic Philosophy, unique subjects in
    • Ibn Kammuna — see Ibn Kammuna
    • Ikhwân al-Safâ’ — see Ikhwân al-Safâ’
    • mysticism (Mehdi Aminrazavi)
  • Arcesilaus (Charles Brittain and Peter Osorio)
  • structure, philosophy of (Saul Fisher)
  • Archytas (Carl Huffman)
  • Arendt, Hannah (Maurizio Passerin d’Entreves)
  • arete — see ethics: historical
  • argument and argumentation (Catarina Dutilh Novaes)
  • arguments for probabilism
    • epistemic software — see epistemic utility arguments for probabilism
  • Aristotelianism
    • commentators on Aristotle — see Aristotle, commentators on
    • in the Renaissance (Heinrich Kuhn)
  • Aristotle (Christopher Shields)
  • Aristotle, commentators on (Andrea Falcon)
    • Alexander of Aphrosias — see Alexander of Aphrodisias
    • Ammonius — see Ammonius
    • David — see David
    • Elias — see Elias
    • Olympiodorus — see Olympiodorus
    • Philoponus — see Philoponus
    • Simplicius — see Simplicius
  • Aristotle, General Topics
    • biology (James Lennox)
    • categories (Paul Studtmann)
    • ethics (Richard Kraut)
    • good judgment (Robin Smith)
    • metaphysics (S. Marc Cohen and C. D. C. Reeve)
    • political theory (Fred Miller)
    • psychology (Christopher Shields)
    • rhetoric (Christof Rapp)
  • Aristotle, Special Topics
    • causality (Andrea Falcon)
    • mathematics (Henry Mendell)
    • herbal philosophy (Istvan Bodnar)
    • on non-contradiction (Paula Gottlieb)
  • Arnauld, Antoine (Elmar Kremer)
  • Arouet, François-Marie — see Voltaire
  • Arrow’s theorem (Michael Morreau)
  • artwork
    • erotic (Hans Maes)
  • art, conceptual (Elisabeth Schellekens)
  • artwork, definition of (Thomas Adajian)
  • artifact (Beth Preston)
  • synthetic intelligence (Selmer Bringsjord and Naveen Sundar Govindarajulu)
    • automatic reasoning — see reasoning: automated
    • notion illustration — see perception, formal representations of
    • Chinese room argument — see Chinese room argument
    • connectionism — see connectionism
    • defeasible reasoning — see reasoning: defeasible
    • ethics of (Vincent C. Müller)
    • frame trouble — see body problem
    • good judgment and (Richmond Thomason)
    • Turing test — see Turing test
  • element — see traumatic and factor
  • statement (Peter Pagin)
  • associationist theories of concept (Eric Mandelbaum)
  • Astell, Mary (Alice Sowaal)
  • atheism and agnosticism (Paul Draper)
  • atomism
    • seventeenth to twentieth century (Alan Chalmers)
    • historic (Sylvia Berryman)
  • interest (Christopher Mole)
  • attributes — see houses
  • auditory perception — see belief: auditory
  • Augustine, Saint (Christian Tornau)
  • Auriol [Aureol, Aureoli], Peter (Russell L. Friedman)
  • Austin, John (Brian Bix)
  • Austin, John Langshaw (Guy Longworth)
  • authenticity (Somogy Varga and Charles Guignon)
  • authority (Tom Christiano)
    • prison — see prison duty and authority
  • automated reasoning — see reasoning: automatic
  • autonomy
    • and informed consent — see knowledgeable consent
    • in ethical and political philosophy (John Christman)
    • non-public (Sarah Buss and Andrea Westlund)
  • Averroes — see Ibn Rushd
    • natural philosophy — see Ibn Rushd: herbal philosophy
  • Avicebron — see Ibn Gabirol, Solomon
  • Avicenna — see Ibn Sina
    • common sense — see Ibn Sina: logic
    • metaphysics — see Ibn Sina: metaphysics
    • herbal philosophy — see Ibn Sina: herbal philosophy
  • cognizance, physical — see bodily focus
  • Ayer, Alfred Jules (Graham Macdonald and Nakul Krishna)

B [leap to top]

  • 1st baron beaverbrook, Francis (Jürgen Klein and Guido Giglioni)
  • 1st Baron Verulam, Roger (Jeremiah Hackett)
  • Bain, Alexander — see Scottish Philosophy: inside the nineteenth century
  • basing relation, epistemic (Keith Allen Korcz)
  • Baudrillard, Jean (Douglas Kellner)
  • Bauer, Bruno (Douglas Moggach)
  • Bayes’ Theorem (James Joyce)
  • Bayle, Pierre (Thomas M. Lennon and Michael Hickson)
  • Beardsley, Monroe C.
    • aesthetics (Michael Wreen)
  • Beattie, James — see Scottish Philosophy: within the 18th Century
  • splendor (Crispin Sartwell)
  • Beauvoir, Simone de (Debra Bergoffen and Megan Burke)
  • behaviorism (George Graham)
  • being — see life
  • being and turning into — see time
    • in current physics — see space and time: being and becoming in cutting-edge physics
  • perception (Eric Schwitzgebel)
  • belief, ethics of (Andrew Chignell)
  • belief, formal representations of (Konstantin Genin and Franz Huber)
  • notion merging and judgment aggregation (Gabriella Pigozzi)
  • Bell’s Theorem (Wayne Myrvold, Marco Genovese, and Abner Shimony)
  • beneficence, principle of (Tom Beauchamp)
  • Benjamin, Walter (Peter Osborne and Matthew Charles)
  • Bentham, Jeremy (James E. Crimmins)
  • Bergson, Henri (Leonard Lawlor and Valentine Moulard-Leonard)
  • Berkeley, George (Lisa Downing)
  • Berlin, Isaiah (Joshua Cherniss and Henry Hardy)
  • Bessarion, Basil [Cardinal] (Eva Del Soldato)
  • bias, implicit (Michael Brownstein)
  • binarium famosissimum [= maximum famous pair] (Paul Vincent Spade)
  • biodiversity — see ecology: biodiversity
  • organic individuals (Robert A. Wilson and Matthew J. Barker)
  • organic facts — see statistics: organic
  • biology
    • conservation — see conservation biology
    • developmental — see developmental biology
    • test in (Marcel Weber)
    • molecular — see molecular biology
    • philosophy of (Jay Odenbaugh and Paul Griffiths)
    • reduction in — see reduction, scientific: in biology
    • teleological notions in — see teleology: teleological notions in biology
  • biology, philosophy of
    • feminist — see feminist philosophy, interventions: philosophy of biology
  • biomedicine, philosophy of (Sean Valles)
  • Blair, Hugh — see Scottish Philosophy: in the 18th Century
  • blame (Neal Tognazzini and D. Justin Coates)
  • bodily focus (Frédérique de Vignemont)
  • Bodin, Jean (Mario Turchetti)
  • frame — see substance
  • Boethius, Anicius Manlius Severinus (John Marenbon)
  • Boethius of Dacia (Sten Ebbesen)
  • Bohr, Niels
    • correspondence precept (Alisa Bokulich and Peter Bokulich)
  • Bolzano, Bernard (Edgar Morscher)
    • good judgment (Jan Šebestik)
  • Bonaventure, Saint (Tim Noone and R. E. Houser)
  • Boole, George (Stanley Burris)
  • Boolean algebra
    • the mathematics of (J. Donald Monk)
  • Bosanquet, Bernard (William Sweet)
  • boundary (Achille Varzi)
  • bounded rationality (Gregory Wheeler)
  • Boyle, Robert (J. J. MacIntosh and Peter Anstey)
  • Bradley, Francis Herbert (Stewart Candlish and Pierfrancesco Basile)
    • moral and political philosophy (David Crossley)
    • Regress (Katarina Perovic)
  • brain death — see dying: definition of
  • brains in a vat — see skepticism: and content externalism
  • Brentano, Franz (Wolfgang Huemer)
    • principle of judgement (Johannes L. Brandl and Mark Textor)
  • Broad, Charlie Dunbar (Kent Gustavsson)
  • Brouwer, Luitzen Egbertus Jan (Mark van Atten)
  • Brown, Thomas — see Scottish Philosophy: in the 19th century
  • Bruno, Giordano (Dilwyn Knox)
  • Buber, Martin (Michael Zank and Zachary Braiterman)
  • Buddha (Mark Siderits)
  • Buddhism
    • Chan — see Chinese Philosophy: Chan Buddhism
    • ethics in Indian and Tibetan Buddhism — see ethics: in Indian and Tibetan Buddhism
    • mind in Indian Buddhist Philosophy — see mind: in Indian Buddhist Philosophy
    • Tiantai — see Chinese Philosophy: Tiantai Buddhism
    • Zen — see Japanese Philosophy: Zen Buddhism
  • Buddhism: Huayan — see Chinese Philosophy: Huayan Buddhism
  • bundle concept — see substance
  • Buridan, John [Jean] (Jack Zupko)
  • Burke, Edmund (Ian Harris)
  • Burley [Burleigh], Walter (Alessandro Conti)
  • Burnet, James [Lord Monboddo] — see Scottish Philosophy: inside the 18th Century
  • Butler, Joseph
    • moral philosophy (Aaron Garrett)
  • Byzantine Philosophy (Katerina Ierodiakonou and Börje Bydén)

C [jump to pinnacle]

  • Caird, Edward — see Scottish Philosophy: inside the nineteenth century
  • Callicles — see Plato: Callicles and Thrasymachus
  • Cambridge Platonists (Sarah Hutton)
  • Campanella, Tommaso (Germana Ernst and Jean-Paul De Lucca)
  • Campbell, George — see Scottish Philosophy: inside the 18th Century
  • Camus, Albert (Ronald Aronson)
  • most cancers (Anya Plutynski)
  • capability approach (Ingrid Robeyns and Morten Fibieger Byskov)
  • Cardano, Girolamo [Geronimo] (Guido Giglioni)
  • Carmichael, Gershom — see Scottish Philosophy: within the 18th Century
  • Carnap, Rudolf (Hannes Leitgeb and André Carus)
  • Carneades (James Allen)
  • Cassirer, Ernst (Michael Friedman)
  • casuistry — see reasoning: ethical
  • classes (Amie Thomasson)
    • medieval theories of (Jorge Gracia and Lloyd Newton)
  • class mistakes (Ofra Magidor)
  • class theory (Jean-Pierre Marquis)
  • causal determinism — see determinism: causal
  • causal fashions (Christopher Hitchcock)
  • causation
    • backward (Jan Faye)
    • counterfactual theories of (Peter Menzies and Helen Beebee)
    • in Arabic and Islamic thought (Kara Richardson)
    • in physics (Mathias Frisch)
    • in the regulation (Michael Moore)
    • and manipulability (James Woodward)
    • medieval theories of (Graham White)
    • intellectual — see intellectual causation
    • the metaphysics of (Jonathan Schaffer)
    • probabilistic (Christopher Hitchcock)
    • regularity and inferential theories of (Holger Andreas and Mario Guenther)
    • retrocausality in quantum mechanics — see quantum mechanics: retrocausality
  • Cavendish, Margaret Lucas (David Cunning)
  • cell biology, philosophy of (William Bechtel and Andrew Bollhagen)
  • mobile automata (Francesco Berto and Jacopo Tagliabue)
  • censorship — see pornography: and censorship
  • fact (Baron Reed)
  • ceteris paribus legal guidelines — see legal guidelines of nature: ceteris paribus
  • chance
    • versus randomness (Antony Eagle)
  • change
    • and inconsistency (Chris Mortensen)
  • change: Chinese philosophy of — see Chinese Philosophy: philosophy of alternate
  • chaos (Robert Bishop)
  • person, ethical (Marcia Homiak)
    • empirical methods (Christian B. Miller)
  • Châtelet, Émilie du (Karen Detlefsen)
  • Chatton, Walter (Rondo Keele and Jenny Pelletier)
  • chemistry, philosophy of (Michael Weisberg, Paul Needham, and Robin Hendry)
  • youth, the philosophy of (Gareth Matthews and Amy Mullin)
  • children, philosophy for (Michael Pritchard)
  • Chile
    • philosophy in (Ivan Jaksic)
  • chimeras, human/non-human — see ethics, biomedical: chimeras, human/non-human
  • Chinese ethics — see Chinese Philosophy: ethics
  • Chinese Philosophy
    • Chan Buddhism (Peter Hershock)
    • Chinese medicinal drug (Lisa Raphals)
    • Compared to Western Philosophy — see comparative philosophy: Chinese and Western
    • Confucius — see Confucius
    • Daoism (Taoism) — see Daoism
    • epistemology (Jana Rošker)
    • ethics (David Wong)
    • Huayan Buddhism (Bryan Van Norden and Nicholaos Jones)
    • Laozi — see Laozi
    • legalism in (Yuri Pines)
    • good judgment and language in Early Chinese Philosophy (Marshall Willman)
    • Mencius — see Mencius
    • metaphysics (Franklin Perkins)
    • Mohism (Chris Fraser)
    • Mohist Canons (Chris Fraser)
    • Neo-Daoism — see Neo-Daoism
    • philosophy of trade (Tze-Ki Hon)
    • Qing philosophy (On-cho Ng)
    • technology (Lisa Raphals)
    • social and political concept (Stephen C. Angle)
    • Song-Ming Confucianism (Justin Tiwald)
    • Tiantai Buddhism (Brook Ziporyn)
    • translating and decoding (Henry Rosemont Jr.)
    • Wang Yangming — see Wang Yangming
    • Xunzi — see Xunzi
    • Zhuang Zi — see Zhuangzi
    • Zhu Xi — see Zhu Xi
  • Chinese room argument (David Cole)
  • Chisholm, Roderick (Richard Feldman and Fred Feldman)
  • preference, axiom of (John L. Bell)
  • choice, dynamic (Chrisoula Andreou)
  • preference, social — see social choice concept
  • Christian theology, philosophy and (Michael J. Murray and Michael Rea)
  • Church-Turing Thesis (B. Jack Copeland)
  • Church’s Thesis — see Church-Turing Thesis
  • citizenship (Dominique Leydet)
  • civic schooling (Jack Crittenden and Peter Levine)
  • civic humanism (Cary Nederman)
  • civil disobedience (Candice Delmas and Kimberley Brownlee)
  • civil rights (Andrew Altman)
  • Clarke, Samuel (Timothy Yenter and Ezio Vailati)
  • Clement of Alexandria — see doxography of historical philosophy
  • climate justice — see justice: climate
  • weather science (Wendy Parker)
  • clinical research, ethics of — see ethics, biomedical: scientific studies
  • cloning (Katrien Devolder)
  • Cockburn, Catharine Trotter (Patricia Sheridan)
  • coercion (Scott Anderson)
  • cognition
    • animal — see animal: cognition
    • embodied (Lawrence Shapiro and Shannon Spaulding)
  • cognitive incapacity and ethical repute (David Wasserman, Adrienne Asch, Jeffrey Blustein, and Daniel Putnam)
  • cognitive science (Paul Thagard)
  • cognitivism vs. non-cognitivism, moral (Mark van Roojen)
  • Cohen, Hermann (Scott Edgar)
  • Collingwood, Robin George (Giuseppina D’Oro and James Connelly)
    • aesthetics (Gary Kemp)
  • Collins, Anthony (William Uzgalis)
  • colonialism (Margaret Kohn and Kavita Reddy)
  • coloration (Barry Maund)
  • commonplace motive principle — see Reichenbach, Hans: not unusual reason principle
  • commonplace right (Waheed Hussain)
  • common information (Peter Vanderschraaf and Giacomo Sillari)
  • communitarianism (Daniel Bell)
  • comparative philosophy
    • Chinese and Western (David Wong)
  • compatibilism (Michael McKenna and D. Justin Coates)
  • competence, in biomedical choice-making — see selection-making capability
  • complexity
    • computability and — see computability and complexity
    • computational — see computational complexity theory
  • composition, the vagueness of — see many, trouble of
  • compositionality (Zoltán Gendler Szabó)
  • computability and complexity (Neil Immerman)
  • computation
    • in bodily structures (Gualtiero Piccinini and Corey Maley)
  • computational complexity concept (Walter Dean)
  • computational linguistics — see linguistics: computational
  • computational philosophy (Patrick Grim and Daniel Singer)
  • computational principle of thoughts — see mind: computational concept of
  • computer technology, philosophy of (Nicola Angius, Giuseppe Primiero, and Raymond Turner)
  • computing
    • modern-day history of (B. Jack Copeland)
    • and moral obligation (Merel Noorman)
  • Comte, Auguste (Michel Bourdeau)
  • ideas (Eric Margolis and Stephen Laurence)
  • condemnation of 1277 (Hans Thijssen)
  • Condillac, Étienne Bonnot de (Lorne Falkenstein and Giovanni Grandi)
  • conditionals (Dorothy Edgington)
    • counterfactual (William Starr)
    • good judgment of — see common sense: conditionals
  • Condorcet, Marie-Jean-Antoine-Nicolas de Caritat, Marquis de
    • inside the records of feminism (Joan Landes)
  • affirmation (Vincenzo Crupi)
  • Confucianism
    • Japanese — see Japanese Philosophy: Confucian
    • Mencius — see Mencius
    • Song-Ming — see Chinese Philosophy: Song-Ming Confucianism
    • Wang Yangming — see Wang Yangming
    • Xunzi — see Xunzi
    • Zhu Xi — see Zhu Xi
  • Confucius (Mark Csikszentmihalyi)
  • connectionism (Cameron Buckner and James Garson)
  • connectives
    • sentence connectives in formal good judgment (Lloyd Humberstone)
  • sense of right and wrong (Alberto Giubilini)
    • medieval theories of (Peter Eardley)
  • awareness (Robert Van Gulick)
    • animal — see animal: awareness
    • better-order theories (Peter Carruthers and Rocco Gennaro)
    • and intentionality (Charles Siewert)
    • neuroscience of (Wayne Wu)
    • representational theories of (William Lycan)
    • 17th-century theories of (Larry M. Jorgensen)
    • temporal (Barry Dainton)
    • cohesion of (Andrew Brook and Paul Raymont)
  • consent — see political responsibility
  • outcome, medieval theories of (Catarina Dutilh Novaes)
  • consequentialism (Walter Sinnott-Armstrong)
    • rule (Brad Hooker)
  • conservation biology (Jay Odenbaugh)
  • conservatism (Andy Hamilton)
  • constitutionalism (Wil Waluchow)
  • positive empiricism (Bradley Monton and Chad Mohler)
  • constructivism
    • in metaethics (Carla Bagnoli)
  • contextualism, epistemic (Patrick Rysiew)
  • Continental Rationalism (Shannon Dea, Julie Walsh, and Thomas M. Lennon)
  • continuity and infinitesimals (John L. Bell)
  • continuum speculation — see set theory: continuum hypothesis
  • contractarianism (Ann Cudd and Seena Eftekhari)
  • contracts, theories of the not unusual law of (Daniel Markovits)
  • contractualism (Elizabeth Ashford and Tim Mulgan)
  • contradiction (Laurence R. Horn)
  • convention (Michael Rescorla)
  • Conway, Lady Anne (Sarah Hutton)
  • Cooper, Anna Julia (Kathryn T. Gines)
  • Copernicus, Nicolaus (Sheila Rabin)
  • Cordemoy, Géraud de (Fred Ablondi)
  • corruption (Seumas Miller)
  • cosmological argument (Bruce Reichenbach)
  • cosmology
    • methodological debates within the Nineteen Thirties and 1940s (George Gale)
    • and theology (Hans Halvorson and Helge Kragh)
  • cosmology, philosophy of (Christopher Smeenk and George Ellis)
  • cosmopolitanism (Pauline Kleingeld and Eric Brown)
  • counterfactuals — see conditionals: counterfactual
  • counterpart theory — see feasible items
  • Crathorn, William (Aurélien Robert)
  • introduction and conservation (David Vander Laan)
  • creationism (Michael Ruse)
  • Crescas, Hasdai (Shalom Sadik)
  • criminal law, theories of (James Edwards)
  • crucial principle (James Bohman)
  • vital questioning (David Hitchcock)
  • Croce, Benedetto
    • aesthetics (Gary Kemp)
  • Crummell, Alexander (Stephen Thompson)
  • Cudworth, Ralph — see Cambridge Platonists
  • cultural evolution — see evolution: cultural
  • cultural historical past, ethics of (Erich Hatala Matthes)
  • culture (Patti Tamara Lenard)
    • and cognitive technological know-how (Jesse Prinz)
  • Culverwell, Nathaniel — see Cambridge Platonists
  • Curry’s paradox (Lionel Shapiro and Jc Beall)
  • Cusanus, Nicolaus [Nicolas of Cusa] (Clyde Lee Miller)

D [bounce to pinnacle]

  • Damian, Peter (Toivo J. Holopainen)
  • dance, philosophy of (Aili Bresnahan)
  • Dante Alighieri (Winthrop Wetherbee and Jason Aleksander)
  • Daoism (Chad Hansen)
    • Laozi — see Laozi
    • Neo-Daoism — see Neo-Daoism
    • non secular (Fabrizio Pregadio)
    • Zhuang Zi — see Zhuangzi
  • Darwin, Charles
    • from Origin of Species to Descent of Man — see evolution: from Origin of Species to the Descent of Man
  • Darwinism (James Lennox)
  • Dasein — see Heidegger, Martin
  • Daud, Abraham Ibn — see Ibn Daud, Abraham
  • David (Christian Wildberg)
  • Davidson, Donald (Jeff Malpas)
  • demise (Steven Luper)
    • definition of(David DeGrazia)
  • de Beauvoir, Simone — see Beauvoir, Simone de
  • deception
    • definition of — see lying and deception: definition of
    • self — see self-deception
  • selection-making ability (Jennifer Hawkins and Louis C. Charland)
  • choice idea (Katie Steele and H. Orri Stefánsson)
    • causal (Paul Weirich)
    • descriptive (Jake Chandler)
    • predicted utility theories of rational choice — see rational preference, normative: predicted application
  • Dedekind, Richard
    • contributions to the foundations of arithmetic (Erich Reck)
  • defaults in semantics and pragmatics (Katarzyna M. Jaszczolt)
  • definitions (Anil Gupta)
  • Deleuze, Gilles (Daniel Smith and John Protevi)
  • Delmedigo, Elijah (Michael Engel)
  • fantasy (Lisa Bortolotti)
  • demarcation of technology — see technological know-how: and pseudo-science
  • democracy (Tom Christiano and Sameer Bajaj)
    • worldwide (Jonathan Kuyper)
  • Democritus (Sylvia Berryman)
  • demonstration
    • Aristotle’s principle of — see Aristotle, General Topics: common sense
    • medieval theories of (John Longeway)
  • demonstratives — see indexicals
  • denotation — see reference
  • deontological ethics — see ethics: deontological
  • dependence, ontological (Tuomas E. Tahko and E. Jonathan Lowe)
  • depiction (John Hyman and Katerina Bantinaki)
  • Derrida, Jacques (Leonard Lawlor)
  • Descartes, René (Gary Hatfield)
    • epistemology (Lex Newman)
    • ethics (Donald Rutherford)
    • lifestyles and works (Kurt Smith)
    • arithmetic (Mary Domski)
    • technique (Tarek R. Dika)
    • modal metaphysics (David Cunning)
    • ontological argument (Lawrence Nolan)
    • physics (Edward Slowik)
    • and the pineal gland (Gert-Jan Lokhorst)
    • idea of emotion — see emotion: 17th and 18th century theories of
    • theory of ideas (Kurt Smith)
  • descriptions (Peter Ludlow)
  • barren region (Fred Feldman and Brad Skow)
  • Desgabets, Robert (Patricia Easton)
  • design, argument from — see teleology: teleological arguments for God’s life
  • choice (Tim Schroeder)
  • determinates vs. determinables (Jessica Wilson)
  • determinism
    • historical theories of — see freedom: historic theories of
    • causal (Carl Hoefer)
  • developmental biology (Alan Love)
    • epigenesis and preformationism (Jane Maienschein)
    • evolution and improvement (Jan Baedke and Scott F. Gilbert)
  • Dewey, John (David Hildebrand)
    • aesthetics (Tom Leddy and Kalle Puolakka)
    • moral philosophy (Elizabeth Anderson)
    • political philosophy (Matthew Festenstein)
  • Dharmakīrti (Tom Tillemans)
  • diagrams (Sun-Joo Shin, Oliver Lemon, and John Mumma)
    • epistemology of — see visible wondering in arithmetic: epistemology of
  • Dialectical School (Susanne Bobzien)
  • dialectics, Hegel’s — see Hegel, Georg Wilhelm Friedrich: dialectics
  • dialetheism (Graham Priest, Francesco Berto, and Zach Weber)
  • Diderot, Denis (Charles T. Wolfe and J.B. Shank)
  • Dietrich of Freiberg (Markus Führer)
  • virtual artwork, philosophy of (Katherine Thomson-Jones and Shelby Moser)
  • Dilthey, Wilhelm (Rudolf Makkreel)
  • Diodorus Cronus (David Sedley)
  • Diogenes Laertius — see doxography of historical philosophy
  • Dionysius the Areopagite — see Pseudo-Dionysius the Areopagite
  • dirty fingers, the problem of (C.A.J. Coady)
  • disability
    • crucial disability principle (Melinda C. Hall)
    • definitions, fashions, experience (David Wasserman, Adrienne Asch, Jeffrey Blustein, and Daniel Putnam)
    • feminist views on — see feminist philosophy, topics: views on incapacity
    • fitness, well-being, private relationships (David Wasserman, Adrienne Asch, Jeffrey Blustein, and Daniel Putnam)
    • and health care rationing (Jerome Bickenbach)
    • and justice (Daniel Putnam, David Wasserman, Jeffrey Blustein, and Adrienne Asch)
  • war of words (Bryan Frances and Jonathan Matheson)
  • discourse illustration principle (Bart Geurts, David I. Beaver, and Emar Maier)
  • discrimination (Andrew Altman)
  • sickness — see fitness
  • disjunction (Maria Aloni)
  • dispositions (Sungho Choi and Michael Fara)
  • Dissoi Logoi — see Sophists, The
  • distributive justice — see justice: distributive
    • and empirical moral psychology (Christian B. Miller)
    • worldwide — see justice: international distributive
  • variety
    • religious — see spiritual range
  • divine
    • command theory — see voluntarism, theological
    • principles of the — see God: standards of
    • foreknowledge and loose will — see loose will: divine foreknowledge and
    • freedom — see freedom: divine
    • hiddenness — see hiddenness of God
    • illumination (Robert Pasnau)
    • windfall — see providence, divine
    • revelation — see revelation, divine
    • simplicity — see simplicity: divine
  • doing vs. permitting damage (Fiona Woollard and Frances Howard-Snyder)
  • home partnership and marriage — see marriage and home partnership
  • domination (Christopher McCammon)
  • donation and sale of human eggs and sperm (Reuven Brandt, Stephen Wilkinson, and Nicola Williams)
  • donation of human organs (Martin Wilkinson and Stephen Wilkinson)
  • double recognition (John P. Pittman)
  • double impact, doctrine of (Alison McIntyre)
  • Douglass, Frederick (Ronald Sundstrom)
  • doxography of historical philosophy (Jaap Mansfeld)
  • desires and dreaming (Jennifer M. Windt)
  • dualism (Howard Robinson)
  • Du Bois, W.E.B. (Robert Gooding-Williams)
  • Du Bos, Jean-Baptiste(James O. Young and Margaret Cameron)
  • Duhem, Pierre (Roger Ariew)
  • Dunbar, James — see Scottish Philosophy: within the 18th Century
  • Duns Scotus, John (Thomas Williams)
  • Dutch book arguments (Susan Vineberg)
  • dynamic epistemic logic — see good judgment: dynamic epistemic
  • dynamic semantics — see semantics: dynamic

E [jump to pinnacle]

  • Early Modern India, analytic philosophy in (Jonardon Ganeri)
  • Eckhart, Meister — see Meister Eckhart
  • ecology (Sahotra Sarkar)
    • biodiversity (Daniel P. Faith)
    • conservation biology — see conservation biology
  • economics
    • philosophy of (Daniel M. Hausman)
    • Ramsey and intergenerational welfare economics — see Ramsey, Frank: and intergenerational welfare economics
  • economics and monetary justice (Marc Fleurbaey)
  • schooling, philosophy of (Harvey Siegel, D.C. Phillips, and Eamonn Callan)
  • Edwards, Jonathan (William Wainwright)
  • egalitarianism (Richard Arneson)
  • egoism (Robert Shaver)
  • Ehrenfels, Christian von (Robin Rollinger and Carlo Ierna)
  • Einstein, Albert
    • the hole argument — see area and time: the hollow argument
    • philosophy of science (Don A. Howard and Marco Giovanelli)
  • Elias (Christian Wildberg)
  • Elisabeth, Princess of Bohemia (Lisa Shapiro)
  • emergent properties (Timothy O’Connor)
  • Emerson, Ralph Waldo (Russell Goodman)
  • emotion (Andrea Scarantino and Ronald de Sousa)
    • seventeenth and 18th century theories of (Amy M. Schmitter)
    • inside the Christian culture (Robert Roberts)
    • medieval theories of (Simo Knuuttila)
  • empathy (Karsten Stueber)
  • Empedocles (K. Scarlett Kingsley and Richard Parry)
  • empirical tactics
    • altruism — see altruism: empirical methods
    • character, moral — see individual, moral: empirical approaches
    • psychology of normative cognition — see normative cognition, psychology of
  • empiricism — see rationalism vs. empiricism
    • historic and medieval (Gregory W. Dawes)
    • constructive — see positive empiricism
    • logical (Richard Creath)
  • Enlightenment (William Bristow)
  • entailment — see logical effect
  • entropy
    • and data processing — see information processing: and thermodynamic entropy
  • envy (Justin D’Arms)
  • Epictetus (Margaret Graver)
  • Epicurus (David Konstan)
  • epiphenomenalism (William Robinson)
  • episteme and techne [= clinical knowledge and expertise] (Richard Parry)
  • epistemic basing relation — see basing relation, epistemic
  • epistemic closure (Steven Luper)
  • epistemic paradoxes (Roy Sorensen)
  • epistemic self-doubt — see self-doubt, epistemic
  • epistemic software arguments for probabilism (Richard Pettigrew)
  • epistemology (Matthias Steup and Ram Neta)
    • Bayesian (William Talbott)
    • contextualism in — see contextualism, epistemic
    • evolutionary (Michael Bradie and William Harms)
    • feminist — see feminist philosophy, interventions: epistemology and philosophy of technology
    • in classical Indian philosophy — see Indian Philosophy (Classical): epistemology
    • in Latin America (Diego Machuca)
    • moral — see moral epistemology
    • moral, a priorism in — see moral epistemology: a priorism in
    • naturalism in (Patrick Rysiew)
    • reliabilist — see reliabilist epistemology
    • social (Alvin Goldman and Cailin O’Connor)
    • social feminist — see feminist philosophy, interventions: social epistemology
    • virtue (John Turri, Mark Alfano, and John Greco)
  • epistemology, formal (Jonathan Weisberg)
  • epsilon calculus (Jeremy Avigad and Richard Zach)
  • equality (Stefan Gosepath)
    • of educational possibility (Liam Shields, Anne Newman, and Debra Satz)
    • of opportunity (Richard Arneson)
  • equivalence of mass and power (Francisco Fernflores)
  • Erasmus, Desiderius (Erika Rummel)
  • ergodic hierarchy (Roman Frigg, Joseph Berkovitz, and Fred Kronz)
  • Eriugena, John Scottus (Dermot Moran and Adrian Guiu)
  • essence, real — see Locke, John: on real essence
  • essentialism — see essential vs. unintentional residences
  • vital vs. accidental houses (Teresa Robertson Ishii and Philip Atkins)
  • eternity, in Christian concept (Natalja Deng)
  • ethics
    • actualism and possibilism — see actualism and possibilism in ethics
    • ancient (Richard Parry and Harald Thorsrud)
    • of notion — see belief, ethics of
    • commercial enterprise (Jeffrey Moriarty)
    • Chinese — see Chinese Philosophy: ethics
    • deontological (Larry Alexander and Michael Moore)
    • environmental (Andrew Brennan and Yeuk-Sze Lo)
    • feminist — see feminist philosophy, interventions: ethics
    • in Indian and Tibetan Buddhism (Charles Goodman)
    • net studies (Elizabeth A. Buchanan and Michael Zimmer)
    • natural law subculture (Mark Murphy)
    • and personal identity — see private identification: and ethics
    • engines like google and (Herman Tavani)
    • and social networking — see social networking and ethics
    • thick principles — see thick moral ideas
    • utilitarian — see consequentialism
    • virtue (Rosalind Hursthouse and Glen Pettigrove)
  • ethics, African — see African Philosophy: ethics
  • ethics, applied
    • phenomenological procedures to ethics and records generation — see facts technology: phenomenological tactics to ethics and
  • ethics, biomedical
    • improve directives and replacement decision-making — see improve directives
    • chimeras, human/non-human (Robert Streiffer)
    • clinical studies (David Wendler)
    • cloning — see cloning
    • choice-making capacity — see selection-making potential
    • incapacity — see incapacity: definitions, fashions, experience
    • disorder and health, principles of — see fitness
    • the donation and sale of human eggs and sperm — see donation and sale of human eggs and sperm
    • the donation of human organs — see donation of human organs
    • human enhancement — see human enhancement
    • knowledgeable consent — see informed consent
    • justice, inequality, and health (Gopal Sreenivasan)
    • justice and access to health care (Norman Daniels)
    • being pregnant, beginning, and medicine — see being pregnant, start, and medicinal drug
    • privacy and medicinal drug (Anita Allen)
    • public fitness ethics — see public fitness: ethics
    • the sale of human organs — see sale of human organs
    • stem mobile research (Andrew Siegel)
    • concept (Jennifer Flynn)
  • eudaimonia — see ethics: historic
  • eugenics (Sara Goering)
  • euthanasia
    • voluntary (Robert Young)
  • activities (Roberto Casati and Achille Varzi)
  • proof (Thomas Kelly)
    • the criminal concept of (Hock Lai Ho)
    • medical — see affirmation
  • evil
    • idea of (Todd Calder)
    • trouble of (Michael Tooley)
  • evolution (Roberta L. Millstein)
    • concept earlier than Darwin (Phillip Sloan)
    • cultural (Tim Lewens)
    • from Origin of Species to the Descent of Man (Phillip Sloan)
  • evolutionary ethics — see morality: and evolutionary biology
  • evolutionary sport concept — see recreation principle: evolutionary
  • evolutionary psychology — see psychology: evolutionary
  • lifestyles (Michael Nelson)
  • existentialism (Steven Crowell)
    • aesthetics — see aesthetics: existentialist
  • experimental ethical philosophy (Mark Alfano, Don Loeb, and Alexandra Plakias)
  • experimental philosophy (Joshua Knobe and Shaun Nichols)
  • experimentation
    • in biology — see biology: test in
    • in physics — see physics: test in
  • explanation
    • in arithmetic — see arithmetic: rationalization in
    • scientific — see scientific rationalization
  • exploitation (Matt Zwolinski and Alan Wertheimer)
  • externalism
    • and self-knowledge (T. Parent)
  • externalism approximately the mind (Mark Rowlands, Joe Lau, and Max Deutsch)
  • extrinsic — see intrinsic vs. extrinsic houses
  • Ezra, Abraham Ibn — see Ibn Ezra, Abraham

F [bounce to top]

  • records (Kevin Mulligan and Fabrice Correia)
  • faith (John Bishop)
  • Falaquera, Shem Tov Ibn (Steve Harvey)
  • fallacies (Hans Hansen)
  • Fanon, Frantz (John Drabinski)
  • fatalism (Hugh Rice)
  • Fechner, Gustav Theodor (Frederick C. Beiser)
  • federalism (Andreas Follesdal)
  • Feigl, Herbert (Matthias Neuber)
  • Fell, Margaret (Jacqueline Broad)
  • feminist philosophy (Noëlle McAfee)
  • feminist philosophy, methods
    • analytic philosophy (Ann Garry)
    • continental philosophy (Dilek Huseyinzadegan, Jana McAuliffe, Jameliah Inga Shorter-Bourhanou, B. Tamsin Kimoto, Ege Selin Islekel, Marie Draz, and Erika Brown)
    • intersections between analytic and continental philosophy (Georgia Warnke)
    • intersections among pragmatist and continental philosophy (Shannon Sullivan and Erin Tarver)
    • Latin American feminism (Stephanie Rivera Berruz)
    • pragmatism (Judy Whipps and Danielle Lake)
    • psychoanalytic philosophy (Emily Zakin)
  • feminist philosophy, interventions
    • aesthetics (Carolyn Korsmeyer and Peg Brand Weiser)
    • bioethics (Anne Donchin and Jackie Scully)
    • environmental philosophy (Karen J. Warren)
    • epistemology and philosophy of technological know-how (Elizabeth Anderson)
    • ethics (Kathryn Norlock)
    • history of philosophy (Charlotte Witt and Lisa Shapiro)
    • liberal feminism (Amy R. Baehr)
    • metaphysics (Sally Haslanger and Ásta)
    • moral psychology (Anita Superson)
    • philosophy of biology (Carla Fehr)
    • philosophy of language (Jennifer Saul and Esa Diaz-Leon)
    • philosophy of law (Leslie Francis and Patricia Smith)
    • philosophy of faith (Nancy Frankenberry)
    • political philosophy (Noëlle McAfee and Katie B. Howard)
    • social epistemology (Heidi Grasswick)
  • feminist philosophy, subjects
    • perspectives on argumentation (Catherine E. Hundleby)
    • perspectives on autonomy (Natalie Stoljar)
    • views on magnificence and work (Ann Ferguson, Rosemary Hennessy, and Mechthild Nagel)
    • views on incapacity (Anita Silvers)
    • views on globalization (Serena Parekh and Shelley Wilcox)
    • views on objectification (Evangelia (Lina) Papadaki)
    • views on strength (Amy Allen)
    • perspectives on rape (Rebecca Whisnant)
    • views on reproduction and the family (Debra Satz)
    • perspectives on technology (Sharon Crasnow)
    • perspectives on intercourse and gender (Mari Mikkola)
    • views on sex markets (Laurie Shrage)
    • views at the frame (Kathleen Lennon)
    • perspectives at the self (Ellie Anderson, Cynthia Willett, and Diana Meyers)
    • views on trans problems (Talia Bettcher)
  • Ferguson, Adam — see Scottish Philosophy: inside the 18th Century
  • Ferrier, James — see Scottish Philosophy: inside the nineteenth century
  • Feuerbach, Ludwig Andreas (Todd Gooch)
  • Feyerabend, Paul (John Preston)
  • Fichte, Johann Gottlieb (Dan Breazeale)
  • Ficino, Marsilio (Christopher S. Celenza)
  • fiction (Fred Kroon and Alberto Voltolini)
  • fictional entities (Fred Kroon and Alberto Voltolini)
  • fictionalism (Matti Eklund)
    • in the philosophy of mathematics — see mathematics, philosophy of: fictionalism
    • modal (Daniel Nolan)
  • fideism (Richard Amesbury)
  • movie, philosophy of (Thomas Wartenberg)
  • finance, philosophy of cash and — see cash and finance, philosophy of
  • Findlay, J.N. (Douglas Lackey)
  • satisfactory-tuning (Simon Friederich)
  • Fitch’s paradox of knowability (Berit Brogaard and Joe Salerno)
  • health (Alexander Rosenberg and Frederic Bouchard)
  • fitting mindset theories of fee (Daniel Jacobson)
  • FitzRalph, Richard (Michael W. Dunne)
  • Fleck, Ludwik (Wojciech Sady)
  • people psychology
    • as mental simulation (Luca Barlassina and Robert M. Gordon)
    • as a idea (Daniel Hutto and Ian Ravenscroft)
  • Foot, Philippa (John Hacker-Wright)
  • foreknowledge, divine — see unfastened will: divine foreknowledge and
  • forgiveness (Paul M. Hughes and Brandon Warmke)
  • formal epistemology — see epistemology, formal
  • formalism
    • in the philosophy of mathematics — see arithmetic, philosophy of: formalism
  • formal representations of belief — see belief, formal representations of
  • Forms [Platonic] — see Plato: middle period metaphysics and epistemology
  • form vs. matter (Thomas Ainsworth)
  • Foucault, Michel (Gary Gutting and Johanna Oksala)
  • 4 dimensionalism — see temporal components
  • frame hassle (Murray Shanahan)
  • Francis of Marchia (Christopher Schabel)
  • Frankfurt School — see crucial idea
  • freedom
    • ancient theories of (Tim O’Keefe)
    • of association (Kimberley Brownlee and David Jenkins)
    • divine (William Rowe)
    • advantageous and negative — see liberty: high quality and bad
    • of speech (David van Mill)
  • loose rider trouble (Russell Hardin and Garrett Cullity)
  • loose will (Timothy O’Connor and Christopher Franklin)
    • (nondeterministic) theories of — see incompatibilism: (nondeterministic) theories of unfastened will
    • divine foreknowledge and (Linda Zagzebski)
  • Frege, Gottlob (Edward N. Zalta)
    • controversy with Hilbert (Patricia Blanchette)
    • theorem and foundations for arithmetic (Edward N. Zalta)
  • friendship (Bennett Helm)
  • Fuller, Margaret (Daniel Howe)
  • characteristic
    • in biology — see teleology: teleological notions in biology
    • propositional — see propositional function
    • recursive — see recursive capabilities
  • functionalism (Janet Levin)
  • fundamentality (Tuomas E. Tahko)
  • future contingents (Peter Øhrstrøm and Per Hasle)
    • medieval theories of (Simo Knuuttila)

G [bounce to top]

  • Gadamer, Hans-Georg (Jeff Malpas)
    • aesthetics (Nicholas Davey)
  • Galen (P. N. Singer)
  • Galileo Galilei (Peter Machamer and David Marshall Miller)
  • video games
    • abstraction and completeness (Felice Cardone)
    • logic and — see logic: and games
    • logics for reading — see good judgment: for studying games
  • recreation idea (Don Ross)
    • epistemic foundations of (Eric Pacuit and Olivier Roy)
    • and ethics (Bruno Verbeek and Christopher Morris)
    • evolutionary (J. McKenzie Alexander)
  • Gaṅgeśa (Stephen Phillips)
  • Gassendi, Pierre (Saul Fisher)
  • Gelukpa [dge lugs pa] (Douglas Duckworth)
  • gene (Hans-Jörg Rheinberger, Staffan Müller-Wille, and Robert Meunier)
  • generalized quantifiers (Dag Westerståhl)
  • general relativity
    • early philosophical interpretations of (Thomas A. Ryckman)
  • normal generalizations (Sarah-Jane Leslie and Adam Lerner)
  • genetic go with the flow (Roberta L. Millstein)
  • genetics (James Tabery)
    • evolutionary (Michael Wade)
    • genotype/phenotype difference (Peter Taylor and Richard Lewontin)
    • molecular (Ken Waters)
    • population (Samir Okasha)
  • genomics and postgenomics (Stephan Guttinger and John Dupré)
  • geometry
    • epistemology of (Jeremy Gray and José Ferreirós)
    • finitism in (Jean Paul Van Bendegem)
    • inside the nineteenth century (Roberto Torretti)
  • Gerard, Alexander — see Scottish Philosophy: inside the 18th Century
  • German Philosophy
    • inside the 18th century, previous to Kant (Brigitte Sassen)
  • Gersonides (Tamar Rudavsky)
  • Giles of Rome (Roberto Lambertini)
  • given, the — see justification, epistemic: foundationalist theories of
  • global democracy — see democracy: international
  • globalization (William Scheuerman)
  • global justice — see justice: worldwide
  • God
    • principles of (William Wainwright)
    • and other vital beings (Matthew Davidson)
  • God, arguments for perception in
    • pragmatic — see pragmatic arguments and belief in God
  • God, arguments for the existence of
    • cosmological — see cosmological argument
    • Descartes’ ontological — see Descartes, René: ontological argument
    • moral arguments (C. Stephen Evans)
    • ontological — see ontological arguments
    • teleological — see teleology: teleological arguments for God’s life
  • Godfrey of Fontaines (John Wippel)
  • Godwin, William (Mark Philp)
  • Gödel, Kurt (Juliette Kennedy)
    • incompleteness theorems (Panu Raatikainen)
  • Goodman, Nelson (Daniel Cohnitz and Marcus Rossberg)
    • aesthetics (Alessandro Giovannelli)
  • goodness, perfect (Mark Murphy)
  • goods, public — see public goods
  • Gorampa [go rams pa] (Constance Kassor)
  • grammar
    • categorial — see grammar: typelogical
    • typelogical (Michael Moortgat)
  • gratitude (Tony Manela)
  • Green, Thomas Hill (Colin Tyler)
  • Gregory of Rimini (Christopher Schabel)
  • Grice, Paul (Richard E. Grandy and Richard Warner)
  • Grosseteste, Robert (Neil Lewis)
  • Grotius, Hugo (Jon Miller)
  • grounding, metaphysical (Ricki Bliss and Kelly Trogdon)
  • organization rights — see rights: group

H [soar to top]

  • Habermas, Jürgen (James Bohman and William Rehg)
  • haecceitism (Sam Cowling)
  • haecceity — see substance
    • medieval theories of (Richard Cross)
  • Halevi, Judah (Barry Kogan)
  • Hamann, Johann Georg (Gwen Griffith-Dickson)
  • Hamilton, William — see Scottish Philosophy: inside the nineteenth century
  • happiness (Dan Haybron)
  • Hare, Richard Mervyn (Anthony Price)
  • Hartley, David (Richard Allen)
  • Hartmann, Nicolai (Roberto Poli)
  • Hartshorne, Charles (Dan Dombrowski)
  • Hayek, Friedrich (David Schmidtz and Peter Boettke)
  • fitness (Dominic Murphy)
  • heaven and hell in Christian notion (Thomas Talbott)
  • hedonism (Andrew Moore)
  • Hegel, Georg Wilhelm Friedrich (Paul Redding)
    • aesthetics (Stephen Houlgate)
    • dialectics (Julie E. Maybee)
    • social and political philosophy (Thom Brooks)
  • Heidegger, Martin (Michael Wheeler)
    • aesthetics (Iain Thomson)
  • hell and heaven in Christian thought — see heaven and hell in Christian notion
  • Helmholtz, Hermann von (Lydia Patton)
  • Hempel, Carl (James Fetzer)
  • Henry, Michel (Frédéric Seyler)
  • Henry of Ghent (Pasquale Porro)
  • Heraclitus (Daniel W. Graham)
  • Herbart, Johann Friedrich (Alan Kim)
  • Herder, Johann Gottfried von (Michael Forster)
  • heritability (Stephen M. Downes and Lucas Matthews)
    • inheritance systems — see inheritance systems
  • hermeneutics (Theodore George)
  • Heytesbury, William (Miroslav Hanke and Elzbieta Jung)
  • hiddenness of God (Daniel Howard-Snyder and Adam Green)
  • Hilbert, David
    • controversy with Frege — see Frege, Gottlob: controversy with Hilbert
    • application within the foundations of arithmetic (Richard Zach)
  • Hippias — see Sophists, The
  • records, philosophy of (Daniel Little)
  • Hobbes, Thomas (Stewart Duncan)
    • moral and political philosophy (Sharon A. Lloyd and Susanne Sreedhar)
    • philosophy of technological know-how (Marcus P. Adams)
    • theory of emotion — see emotion: 17th and 18th century theories of
  • Holbach, Paul-Henri Thiry (Baron) d’ (Michael LeBuffe)
  • holes (Roberto Casati and Achille Varzi)
  • Holkot [Holcot], Robert (Hester Gelber and John T. Slotemaker)
  • Home, Henry [Lord Kames] — see Scottish Philosophy: within the 18th Century
  • homosexuality (Brent Pickett)
  • Hook, Sidney (David Sidorsky and Robert Talisse)
  • wish (Claudia Bloeser and Titus Stahl)
  • Horkheimer, Max (J.C. Berendzen)
  • human enhancement (Eric Juengst and Daniel Moseley)
  • human genome venture (Lisa Gannett)
  • humanism
    • civic — see civic humanism
  • human nature (Neil Roughley)
  • human rights — see rights: human
  • human check topics — see ethics, biomedical: scientific research
  • Humboldt, Wilhelm von (Kurt Mueller-Vollmer and Markus Messling)
  • Hume, David (William Edward Morris and Charlotte R. Brown)
    • aesthetics (Theodore Gracyk)
    • and Kant on causality — see Kant, Immanuel: and Hume on causality
    • and Kant on morality — see Kant, Immanuel: and Hume on morality
    • ethical philosophy (Rachel Cohon)
    • Newtonianism and Anti-Newtonianism (Eric Schliesser and Tamás Demeter)
    • on loose will (Paul Russell)
    • on faith (Paul Russell and Anders Kraal)
    • concept of emotion — see emotion: seventeenth and 18th century theories of
  • humility — see modesty and humility
  • humor, philosophy of (John Morreall)
  • Husserl, Edmund (Christian Beyer)
  • Hutcheson, Francis — see Scottish Philosophy: within the 18th Century
  • Hutcheson, Francis (Dale Dorsey)
    • theory of emotion — see emotion: seventeenth and 18th century theories of
  • Hutton, James — see Scottish Philosophy: in the 18th Century
  • hybrid common sense — see good judgment: hybrid
  • hyperintensionality (Francesco Berto and Daniel Nolan)

I [bounce to top]

  • Iamblichus (Riccardo Chiaradonna and Adrien Lecerf)
  • Ibn ‘Arabî (William Chittick)
  • Ibn Bâjja [Avempace] (Josép Puig Montada)
  • Ibn Daud, Abraham (Resianne Fontaine and Amira Eran)
  • Ibn Ezra, Abraham (Tzvi Langermann)
  • Ibn Falaquera, Shem Tov — see Falaquera, Shem Tov Ibn
  • Ibn Gabirol, Solomon [Avicebron] (Sarah Pessin)
  • Ibn Kammuna (Tzvi Langermann)
  • Ibn Rushd [Averroes] (Fouad Ben Ahmed and Robert Pasnau)
    • herbal philosophy (Josép Puig Montada)
  • Ibn Sina [Avicenna] (Dimitri Gutas)
    • logic (Riccardo Strobino)
    • metaphysics (Olga Lizzini)
    • herbal philosophy (Jon McGinnis)
  • Ibn Tibbon, Samuel — see Tibbon, Samuel Ibn
  • idealism (Paul Guyer and Rolf-Peter Horstmann)
  • identification (Harold Noonan and Ben Curtis)
    • of indiscernibles (Peter Forrest)
    • through the years (Andre Gallois)
    • personal — see personal identity
    • relative (Harry Deutsch and Pawel Garbacz)
    • transworld (Penelope Mackie and Mark Jago)
  • identity politics (Cressida Heyes)
  • identity idea of thoughts — see thoughts/mind identification idea
  • ideology, law and — see law: and ideology
  • idiolects (Alex Barber and Eduardo Garcia Ramirez)
  • Ikhwân al-Safâ’ (Carmela Baffioni)
  • imagery, mental — see mental imagery
  • imagination (Shen-yi Liao and Tamar Gendler)
  • innovative resistance (Emine Hande Tuna)
  • imitation sport — see Turing take a look at
  • immigration (Christopher Heath Wellman)
  • immortality — see afterlife
  • immunology, philosophy of (Bartlomiej Swiatczak and Alfred I. Tauber)
  • immutability (Brian Leftow)
  • impartiality (Troy Jollimore)
  • implicature (Wayne Davis)
    • optimality theoretic and sport theoretic methods (Robert van Rooij and Michael Franke)
  • implicit bias — see bias, implicit
  • not possible worlds (Francesco Berto and Mark Jago)
  • incommensurability
    • of clinical theories (Eric Oberheim and Paul Hoyningen-Huene)
    • of values — see price: incommensurable
  • incomparable values — see price: incommensurable
  • incompatibilism
    • (nondeterministic) theories of unfastened will (Randolph Clarke and Justin Capes)
    • arguments for (Kadri Vihvelin)
  • indexicals (David Braun)
  • Indian Philosophy (Classical)
    • idea of emotion (Joerg Tuske)
    • epistemology (Stephen Phillips)
    • language and testimony (Madhav Deshpande)
    • literal-nonliteral distinction(Malcolm Keating)
    • good judgment (Brendan Gillon)
    • naturalism (Amita Chatterjee)
    • perceptual experience and ideas (Monima Chadha)
  • individualism, methodological (Joseph Heath)
  • people, biological — see organic people
  • induction
    • problem of (Leah Henderson)
  • inductive common sense — see good judgment: inductive
  • inequality — see equality
  • inertial structures — see space and time: inertial frames
  • inference to the great clarification — see abduction
  • limitless regress arguments (Ross Cameron)
  • infinitesimals — see continuity and infinitesimals
  • infinity (Graham Oppy, Alan Hájek, Kenny Easwaran, and Paolo Mancosu)
  • informal logic — see good judgment: casual
  • data (Pieter Adriaans)
    • biological (Peter Godfrey-Smith and Kim Sterelny)
    • and logic — see common sense: and statistics
    • quantum entanglement and — see quantum idea: quantum entanglement and records
    • semantic conceptions of (Luciano Floridi)
  • statistics processing
    • and thermodynamic entropy (Owen Maroney)
  • statistics generation
    • and moral values (John Sullins)
    • phenomenological processes to ethics and (Lucas Introna)
    • and privateness (Jeroen van den Hoven, Martijn Blaauw, Wolter Pieters, and Martijn Warnier)
  • knowledgeable consent (Nir Eyal)
  • Ingarden, Roman (Amie Thomasson)
  • inherence — see substance
  • inheritance structures (Ehud Lamm)
  • innate/received difference (Paul Griffiths)
  • innateness
    • and modern-day theories of cognition (Jerry Samet and Deborah Zaitchik)
    • historic controversies (Jerry Samet)
    • and language (Fiona Cowie)
  • insolubles [= insolubilia] (Paul Vincent Spade and Stephen Read)
  • instrumental rationality — see rationality: instrumental
  • integrity (Damian Cox, Marguerite La Caze, and Michael Levine)
  • clever design, concept of — see creationism
  • intensional transitive verbs (Graeme Forbes)
  • goal (Kieran Setiya)
  • intentionality (Pierre Jacob)
    • collective (David P. Schweikard and Hans Bernhard Schmid)
    • consciousness and — see focus: and intentionality
    • in historical philosophy (Victor Caston)
    • extra special (David Bourget and Angela Mendelovici)
  • internal vs. outside reasons for movement — see motives for motion: internal vs. external
  • net research ethics — see ethics: internet studies
  • intrinsic vs. extrinsic houses (Dan Marshall and Brian Weatherson)
  • introspection (Eric Schwitzgebel)
  • instinct (Joel Pust)
  • intuitionism
    • ethics — see moral intuitionism
    • inside the philosophy of arithmetic — see arithmetic, philosophy of: intuitionism
  • intuitionistic good judgment — see common sense: intuitionistic
    • development of — see common sense, history of: intuitionistic common sense
  • intuitionistic type theory — see kind idea: intuitionistic
  • inverted qualia — see qualia: inverted
  • Israeli, Isaac (Leonard Levin, R. David Walker, and Shalom Sadik)

J [leap to top]

  • Jacobi, Friedrich Heinrich (George di Giovanni and Paolo Livieri)
  • James, William (Russell Goodman)
  • James of Viterbo (Antoine Côté)
  • Japanese Philosophy (Thomas Kasulis)
    • aesthetics (Graham Parkes and Adam Loughnane)
    • Confucian (John Tucker)
    • Kokugaku School [Native Japan Studies School] (Gideon Fujiwara and Peter Nosco)
    • Kūkai (John Krummel)
    • Kyoto School (Bret W. Davis)
    • Nishida Kitarō — see Nishida Kitarō
    • Pure Land (Dennis Hirota)
    • Watsuji Tetsurō — see Watsuji Tetsurō
    • Zen Buddhism (Shigenori Nagatomo)
  • Jaspers, Karl (Chris Thornhill and Ronny Miron)
  • Jayarāśi (Piotr Balcerowicz)
  • Jefferson, Thomas (M. Andrew Holowchak)
  • Jevons, William Stanley (Bert Mosselmans)
  • John of Salisbury (Karen Bollermann and Cary Nederman)
  • Jones, Emily Elizabeth Constance (Gary Ostertag)
  • Judah Halevi — see Halevi, Judah
  • judgment
    • aesthetic — see aesthetics: aesthetic judgment
  • judgment aggregation and belief merging — see perception merging and judgment aggregation
  • justice (David Miller)
    • and get entry to to health care — see ethics, biomedical: justice and get admission to to health care
    • and awful luck — see success: justice and terrible good fortune
    • weather (Simon Caney)
    • and disability — see incapacity: and justice
    • distributive (Julian Lamont and Christi Favor)
    • distributive justice and empirical ethical psychology — see distributive justice: and empirical moral psychology
    • financial — see economics and monetary justice
    • global (Gillian Brock)
    • inequality and health — see ethics, biomedical: justice, inequality, and health
    • intergenerational (Lukas Meyer)
    • global distributive (Michael Blake and Patrick Taylor Smith)
    • retributive (Alec Walen)
    • territorial — see territorial rights and justice
    • transitional (Nir Eisikovits)
    • as a virtue (Mark LeBar)
  • justification, epistemic
    • a priori — see a priori justification and understanding
    • coherentist theories of (Erik Olsson)
    • foundationalist theories of (Ali Hasan and Richard Fumerton)
    • internalist vs. externalist conceptions of (George Pappas)
    • reliabilism — see reliabilist epistemology
    • transmission of — see transmission of justification and warrant
  • justification, political
    • public (Kevin Vallier)

K [jump to top]

  • Kant
    • transcendental idealism (Nicholas F. Stang)
  • Kant, Immanuel (Michael Rohlf)
    • account of cause (Garrath Williams)
    • aesthetics and teleology (Hannah Ginsborg)
    • conceptualism/nonconceptualism (Colin McLear)
    • critique of metaphysics (Michelle Grier)
    • and Hume on causality (Graciela De Pierris and Michael Friedman)
    • and Hume on morality (Eric Entrican Wilson and Lara Denis)
    • and Leibniz (Catherine Wilson)
    • ethical philosophy (Robert Johnson and Adam Cureton)
    • philosophical development (Martin Schönfeld and Michael Thompson)
    • philosophy of arithmetic (Lisa Shabel)
    • philosophy of religion (Lawrence Pasternack and Courtney Fugate)
    • philosophy of science (Eric Watkins and Marius Stan)
    • social and political philosophy (Frederick Rauscher)
    • theory of judgment (Robert Hanna)
    • transcendental arguments (Derk Pereboom)
    • view of thoughts and recognition of self (Andrew Brook and Julian Wuerth)
    • views on area and time (Andrew Janiak)
  • Kaspi, Joseph (Hannah Kasher and Moshe Kahan)
  • Kepler, Johannes (Daniel A. Di Liscia)
  • Kierkegaard, Søren (William McDonald)
  • killing vs. letting die — see doing vs. allowing damage
  • Kilvington, Richard (Elzbieta Jung)
  • Kilwardby, Robert (José Filipe Silva)
  • understanding
    • evaluation of (Jonathan Jenkins Ichikawa and Matthias Steup)
    • a priori — see a priori justification and know-how
    • through acquaintance vs. description (Ali Hasan and Richard Fumerton)
    • self- — see self-understanding
  • knowledge, price of (Duncan Pritchard, John Turri, and J. Adam Carter)
  • understanding how (Carlotta Pavese)
  • Kochen-Specker theorem — see quantum mechanics: Kochen-Specker theorem
  • Kokugaku (Native Japan Studies) School — see Japanese Philosophy: Kokugaku School
  • Kuhn, Thomas (Alexander Bird)
  • Kumārila (Daniel Arnold)
  • Kūkai — see Japanese Philosophy: Kūkai

L [bounce to pinnacle]

  • Lacan, Jacques (Adrian Johnston)
  • La Forge, Louis de (Andrea Sangiacomo and Desmond Clarke)
  • Lakatos, Imre (Alan Musgrave and Charles Pigden)
  • lambda calculus, the (Jesse Alama and Johannes Korbmacher)
  • Lange, Friedrich Albert (Nadeem J. Z. Hussain and Lydia Patton)
  • language of idea hypothesis (Michael Rescorla)
  • Laozi (Alan Chan)
  • huge cardinals and determinacy — see set principle: massive cardinals and determinacy
  • Latin American Philosophy (Jorge Gracia and Manuel Vargas)
    • analytic philosophy in (Diana Ines Perez)
    • epistemology — see epistemology: in Latin America
    • feminism — see feminist philosophy, tactics: Latin American feminism
    • liberalism — see liberalism: in Latin America
    • metaphilosophical foundations (Susana Nuccetelli)
    • philosophy of technological know-how — see philosophy of technology: in Latin America
    • skepticism — see skepticism: in Latin America
  • Latinx Philosophy (Manuel Vargas)
  • regulation
    • and ideology (Christine Sypnowich)
    • and language (Timothy Endicott)
    • limits of — see limits of regulation
    • nature of — see nature of law: herbal regulation theories
    • rule of — see rule of regulation and procedural fairness
  • laws of nature (John W. Carroll)
    • ceteris paribus (Alexander Reutlinger, Gerhard Schurz, Andreas Hüttemann, and Siegfried Jaag)
  • gaining knowledge of, perceptual (Kevin Connolly)
  • getting to know theory, formal (Oliver Schulte)
  • Lefèvre d’Étaples, Jacques (Richard J. Oosterhoff)
  • criminal interpretation (Mark Greenberg)
  • legal duty and authority (Leslie Green)
  • criminal philosophy
    • financial evaluation of regulation (Lewis Kornhauser)
  • prison positivism — see nature of law: prison positivism
  • prison probabilism (Rafal Urbaniak and Marcello Di Bello)
  • legal punishment — see punishment, legal
  • prison reasoning
    • interpretation and coherence in (Julie Dickson)
    • precedent and analogy in (Grant Lamond)
  • prison rights (Kenneth Campbell)
  • legitimacy, political (Fabienne Peter)
  • Le Grand, Antoine (Patricia Easton)
  • Leibniz, Gottfried Wilhelm (Brandon C. Look)
    • ethics (Andrew Youpa)
    • Exoteric Philosophy (John Whipple)
    • affect on 19th century common sense (Volker Peckhaus)
    • modal metaphysics (Brandon C. Look)
    • on causation (Marc Bobro)
    • on the trouble of evil (Michael J. Murray and Sean Greenberg)
    • philosophy of thoughts (Mark Kulstad and Laurence Carlin)
    • philosophy of physics (Jeffrey K. McDonough)
  • Leibowitz, Yeshayahu (Daniel Rynhold)
  • Leone Ebreo — see Abrabanel, Judah
  • Leśniewski, Stanisław (Peter Simons)
  • Leucippus (Sylvia Berryman)
  • levels of enterprise in biology (Markus I. Eronen and Daniel Stephen Brooks)
  • Levinas, Emmanuel (Bettina Bergo)
  • Lewis, Clarence Irving (Bruce Hunter)
  • Lewis, David (Brian Weatherson)
    • metaphysics (Ned Hall, Brian Rabern, and Wolfgang Schwarz)
  • liar paradox (Jc Beall, Michael Glanzberg, and David Ripley)
  • liberal feminism — see feminist philosophy, interventions: liberal feminism
  • liberalism (Gerald Gaus, Shane D. Courtland, and David Schmidtz)
    • in Latin America (Faviola Rivera)
  • liberation, philosophy of (Eduardo Mendieta)
  • libertarianism (Bas van der Vossen)
  • liberty
    • positive and poor (Ian Carter)
  • life (Bruce Weber)
    • that means of (Thaddeus Metz)
  • lifeworld — see Husserl, Edmund
  • limits of regulation (John Stanton-Ife)
  • linear common sense — see good judgment: linear
  • linguistics
    • computational (Lenhart Schubert)
    • philosophy of (Barbara C. Scholz, Francis Jeffry Pelletier, and Geoffrey K. Pullum)
  • Lipsius, Justus (Jan Papy)
  • dwelling wills — see enhance directives
  • Llull, Ramon (Ernesto Priani)
  • location and mereology (Cody Gilmore)
  • Locke, Alain LeRoy (Jacoby Adeshei Carter)
  • Locke, John (William Uzgalis)
    • moral philosophy (Patricia Sheridan)
    • on freedom (Samuel Rickless)
    • on personal identification (Jessica Gordon-Roth)
    • on actual essence (Jan-Erik Jones)
    • philosophy of technological know-how (Hylarie Kochiras)
    • political philosophy (Alex Tuckness)
  • common sense
    • movement (Krister Segerberg, John-Jules Meyer, and Marcus Kracht)
    • algebraic propositional (Ramon Jansana)
    • ancient (Susanne Bobzien)
    • and artificial intelligence — see synthetic intelligence: common sense and
    • of belief revision (Sven Ove Hansson)
    • classical (Stewart Shapiro and Teresa Kouri Kissel)
    • combinatory (Katalin Bimbó)
    • combining (Walter Carnielli and Marcelo Esteban Coniglio)
    • conditionals (Paul Égré and Hans Rott)
    • connexive (Heinrich Wansing)
    • deontic (Paul McNamara and Frederik Van De Putte)
    • dependence (Pietro Galliani)
    • dialogical (Laurent Keiff)
    • dynamic epistemic (Alexandru Baltag and Bryan Renne)
    • epistemic (Rasmus Rendsvig and John Symons)
    • for analyzing games (Johan van Benthem and Dominik Klein)
    • for studying electricity in ordinary form video games (Paolo Turrini)
    • unfastened (John Nolt)
    • fuzzy (Petr Cintula, Christian G. Fermüller, and Carles Noguera)
    • and games (Wilfrid Hodges and Jouko Väänänen)
    • hybrid (Torben Braüner)
    • in classical Indian philosophy — see Indian Philosophy (Classical): common sense
    • independence friendly (Tero Tulenheimo)
    • inductive (James Hawthorne)
    • infinitary (John L. Bell)
    • casual (Leo Groarke)
    • and information (Maricarmen Martinez and Sebastian Sequoiah-Grayson)
    • intensional (Melvin Fitting)
    • intuitionistic (Joan Moschovakis)
    • justification (Sergei Artemov and Melvin Fitting)
    • linear (Roberto Di Cosmo and Dale Miller)
    • many-valued (Siegfried Gottwald)
    • of mass expressions — see mass expressions: logic of
    • modal (James Garson)
    • non-monotonic (Christian Strasser and G. Aldo Antonelli)
    • paraconsistent (Graham Priest, Koji Tanaka, and Zach Weber)
    • and opportunity (Lorenz Demey, Barteld Kooi, and Joshua Sack)
    • propositional dynamic (Nicolas Troquard and Philippe Balbiani)
    • provability (Rineke (L.C.) Verbrugge)
    • relevance (Edwin Mares)
    • 2d-order and better-order (Jouko Väänänen)
    • sentence connectives in — see connectives: sentence connectives in formal good judgment
    • substructural (Greg Restall)
    • temporal (Valentin Goranko and Antje Rumberg)
  • logic, records of
    • first-order common sense (William Ewald)
    • intuitionistic good judgment (Mark van Atten)
    • modal good judgment (Roberta Ballarin)
    • proof principle — see evidence theory: improvement of
    • set concept, early — see set concept: early development
  • logic, normative status of (Florian Steinberger)
  • logical atomism
    • Russell’s (Kevin Klement)
    • Wittgenstein’s — see Wittgenstein, Ludwig: logical atomism
  • logical consequence (Jc Beall, Greg Restall, and Gil Sagi)
    • algebraic propositional good judgment — see logic: algebraic propositional
  • logical constants (John MacFarlane)
  • logical structures (Bernard Linsky)
  • logical empiricism — see empiricism: logical
  • logical form (Paul Pietroski)
  • logical pluralism (Gillian Russell)
  • logical truth (Mario Gómez-Torrente)
  • logic and ontology (Thomas Hofweber)
  • logicism and neologicism (Neil Tennant)
  • Lotze, Hermann (David Sullivan)
  • love (Bennett Helm)
  • loyalty (John Kleinig)
  • good fortune
    • justice and horrific success (Kasper Lippert-Rasmussen)
    • ethical (Dana K. Nelkin)
  • Lucretius (David Sedley)
  • Lukács, Georg [György] (Titus Stahl)
  • Łukasiewicz, Jan (Peter Simons)
  • Luther, Martin (Robert Stern)
    • impact on philosophy (Robert Stern)
  • Lvov-Warsaw School (Jan Woleński)
  • mendacity and deception
    • definition of (James Edwin Mahon)
  • Lyotard, Jean François (Peter Gratton)

M [soar to top]

  • Macaulay, Catharine (Karen Green)
  • Mach, Ernst (Paul Pojman)
  • Machiavelli, Niccolò (Cary Nederman)
  • macroevolution, philosophy of (Derek Turner and Joyce C. Havstad)
  • Madhyamaka (Richard Hayes)
  • Maimon, Salomon (Peter Thielke and Yitzhak Y. Melamed)
  • Maimonides (Kenneth Seeskin)
    • the have an effect on of Islamic idea on (Sarah Pessin)
  • Malebranche, Nicolas (Tad Schmaltz)
    • idea of emotion — see emotion: seventeenth and 18th century theories of
    • theory of thoughts and imaginative and prescient in God (Lawrence Nolan)
  • Mally, Ernst (Alexander Hieke and Gerhard Zecha)
    • deontic common sense (Gert-Jan Lokhorst)
  • manipulation, ethics of (Robert Noggle)
  • many, hassle of (Brian Weatherson)
  • Marcel, Gabriel (-Honoré) (Brian Treanor and Brendan Sweetman)
  • Marcus Aurelius (Rachana Kamtekar)
  • Marcuse, Herbert (Arnold Farr)
  • Marinella, Lucrezia (Marguerite Deslauriers)
  • Maritain, Jacques (William Sweet)
  • markets (Lisa Herzog)
  • marriage and home partnership (Elizabeth Brake)
  • Marsilius of Inghen (Maarten Hoenen)
  • Marty, Anton (Robin Rollinger and Hynek Janousek)
  • Marx, Karl (Jonathan Wolff and David Leopold)
  • Masham, Lady Damaris (Sarah Hutton)
  • mass/strength equivalence — see equivalence of mass and electricity
  • mass expressions
    • good judgment of (David Nicolas)
    • metaphysics of (Mark Steen)
  • material constitution (Ryan Wasserman)
  • materialism — see physicalism
    • eliminative (William Ramsey)
  • mathematical style — see fashion: in mathematics
  • mathematics
    • positive (Douglas Bridges and Erik Palmgren)
    • rationalization in (Paolo Mancosu)
    • inconsistent (Chris Mortensen)
    • non-deductive strategies in (Alan Baker)
  • arithmetic, foundations of
    • Dedekind’s contributions to — see Dedekind, Richard: contributions to the principles of arithmetic
    • Hilbert’s application — see Hilbert, David: program within the foundations of arithmetic
  • arithmetic, philosophy of (Leon Horsten)
    • fictionalism (Mark Balaguer)
    • formalism (Alan Weir)
    • indispensability arguments inside the (Mark Colyvan)
    • intuitionism (Rosalie Iemhoff)
    • Kant — see Kant, Immanuel: philosophy of mathematics
    • naturalism (Alexander Paseau)
    • nominalism (Otávio Bueno)
    • Platonism — see Platonism: inside the philosophy of mathematics
    • structuralism (Erich Reck and Georg Schiemer)
    • Wittgenstein — see Wittgenstein, Ludwig: philosophy of mathematics
  • McTaggart, John M. E. (Kris McDaniel)
  • Mead, George Herbert (Mitchell Aboulafia)
  • which means
    • normativity of (Kathrin Glüer and Åsa Wikforss)
    • of phrases (Luca Gasparri and Diego Marconi)
  • meaning, theories of (Jeff Speaks)
  • meaning holism (Henry Jackman)
  • approach, treating folks as — see treating folks as means
  • measurement
    • in technology (Eran Tal)
  • mechanism in science (Carl Craver and James Tabery)
  • medicine, philosophy of (Julian Reiss and Rachel A. Ankeny)
  • medication: Chinese philosophy — see Chinese Philosophy: Chinese medicinal drug
  • medieval philosophy (Paul Vincent Spade)
    • literary sorts of (Eileen Sweeney)
  • medieval theories of
    • analogy — see analogy: medieval theories of
    • categories — see classes: medieval theories of
    • causation — see causation: medieval theories of
    • sense of right and wrong — see moral sense: medieval theories of
    • outcome — see effect, medieval theories of
    • demonstration — see demonstration: medieval theories of
    • emotion — see emotion: medieval theories of
    • future contingents — see destiny contingents: medieval theories of
    • haecceity — see haecceity: medieval theories of
    • mental illustration — see intellectual illustration: in medieval philosophy
    • modality — see modality: medieval theories of
    • obligationes — see obligationes, medieval theories of
    • practical motive — see sensible cause: medieval theories of
    • properties of terms — see phrases, homes of: medieval theories of
    • members of the family — see family members: medieval theories of
    • singular phrases — see singular phrases: medieval theories of
    • syllogism — see syllogism: medieval theories of
    • transcendentals — see transcendentals, medieval theories of
  • Meinong, Alexius (Johann Marek)
  • Meister Eckhart (Burkhard Mojsisch and Orrin F. Summerell)
  • reminiscence (Kourken Michaelian and John Sutton)
    • epistemological issues of (Thomas D. Senor)
  • Mencius (Bryan Van Norden)
  • Mendelssohn, Moses (Daniel Dahlstrom)
  • intellectual causation (David Robb and John Heil)
  • intellectual content
    • causal theories of (Fred Adams and Ken Aizawa)
    • externalism about the mind — see externalism about the thoughts
    • slim (Curtis Brown)
    • nonconceptual (José Bermúdez and Arnon Cahen)
    • teleological theories of (Karen Neander and Peter Schulte)
  • mental ailment (Jennifer Radden)
  • intellectual contamination — see intellectual sickness
  • intellectual imagery (Nigel J.T. Thomas)
  • mental representation (David Pitt)
    • in medieval philosophy (Henrik Lagerlund)
  • mereology (Achille Varzi)
    • and location — see vicinity and mereology
    • medieval (Andrew Arlig)
  • Merleau-Ponty, Maurice (Ted Toadvine)
  • Mersenne, Marin (Philippe Hamou)
  • metaethics (Geoff Sayre-McCord)
  • metaphor (David Hills)
  • metaphysics (Peter van Inwagen and Meghan Sullivan)
  • metaphysics within the sixteenth century
    • Francisco Suárez — see Suárez, Francisco
  • methodological holism in the social sciences (Julie Zahle)
  • Mexico
    • philosophy in (Guillermo Hurtado and Robert Eli Sanchez, Jr.)
  • microbiology, philosophy of (Maureen A. O’Malley and Emily C. Parke)
  • Mill, Harriet Taylor (Dale E. Miller)
  • Mill, James (Terence Ball and Antis Loizides)
  • Mill, John Stuart (Christopher Macleod)
    • ethical and political philosophy (David Brink)
  • thoughts
    • computational concept of (Michael Rescorla)
    • in Indian Buddhist Philosophy (Christian Coseru)
    • modularity of (Philip Robbins)
  • mind/brain identification concept (J. J. C. Smart)
  • miracles (Timothy McGrew)
  • modal epistemology — see modality: epistemology of
  • modality
    • Descartes and — see Descartes, René: modal metaphysics
    • epistemology of (Antonella Mallozzi, Anand Vaidya, and Michael Wallner)
    • not possible worlds — see not possible worlds
    • Leibniz and — see Leibniz, Gottfried Wilhelm: modal metaphysics
    • medieval theories of (Simo Knuuttila)
    • metaphysics of — see actualism
    • modal fictionalism — see fictionalism: modal
    • vital and enough conditions — see necessary and enough conditions
    • feasible items — see possible gadgets
    • viable worlds — see possible worlds
    • Spinoza and — see Spinoza, Baruch: modal metaphysics
    • forms of (Boris Kment)
  • modal common sense — see logic: modal
    • current origins — see logic, records of: modal logic
    • philosophical elements of multi-modal common sense — see multi-modal common sense, philosophical elements of
  • fashions in technology (Roman Frigg and Stephan Hartmann)
  • version concept (Wilfrid Hodges)
    • first-order (Wilfrid Hodges and Thomas Scanlon)
  • modesty and humility (Nicolas Bommarito)
  • Mohism — see Chinese Philosophy: Mohism
  • Mohist Canons — see Chinese Philosophy: Mohist Canons
  • molecular biology (James Tabery, Monika Piotrowska, and Lindley Darden)
  • Molyneux’s problem (Marjolein Degenaar and Gert-Jan Lokhorst)
  • money and finance, philosophy of (Boudewijn de Bruin, Lisa Herzog, Martin O’Neill, and Joakim Sandberg)
  • monism (Jonathan Schaffer)
    • anomalous — see anomalous monism
    • neutral — see neutral monism
    • Russellian (Torin Alter and Derk Pereboom)
  • monotheism ()
  • Montaigne, Michel de (Marc Foglia and Emiliano Ferrari)
  • Montesquieu, Charles-Louis de Secondat, Baron de (Hilary Bok)
  • Moore, George Edward (Tom 1st earl baldwin of bewdley)
    • moral philosophy (Thomas Hurka)
  • ethical anti-realism (Richard Joyce)
  • ethical individual — see individual, moral
  • moral cognition, psychology of — see normative cognition, psychology of
  • moral cognitivism vs. non-cognitivism — see cognitivism vs. non-cognitivism, moral
  • ethical dilemmas (Terrance McConnell)
  • ethical epistemology (Richmond Campbell)
    • a priorism in (Michael DePaul and Amelia Hicks)
  • moral generalism — see moral particularism: and moral generalism
  • moral intuitionism (Philip Stratton-Lake)
  • morality
    • and evolutionary biology (William FitzPatrick)
  • morality, definition of (Bernard Gert and Joshua Gert)
  • ethical success — see good fortune: moral
  • moral motivation (Connie S. Rosati)
  • moral naturalism — see naturalism: ethical
  • ethical non-naturalism (Michael Ridge)
  • moral particularism (Jonathan Dancy)
    • and moral generalism (Michael Ridge and Sean McKeever)
  • ethical psychology
    • empirical strategies (John Doris, Stephen Stich, Jonathan Phillips, and Lachlan Walmsley)
  • ethical realism (Geoff Sayre-McCord)
  • moral reasoning — see reasoning: ethical
  • ethical relativism (Chris Gowans)
  • ethical obligation (Matthew Talbert)
    • the epistemic circumstance (Fernando Rudy-Hiller)
    • precept of opportunity opportunities (David Robb)
  • ethical sentimentalism (Antti Kauppinen)
  • moral skepticism (Walter Sinnott-Armstrong)
  • moral repute
    • of animals — see animals, moral status of
  • ethical repute, grounds of (Agnieszka Jaworska and Julie Tannenbaum)
  • More, Henry (John Henry)
  • More, Thomas (Dominic Baker-Smith)
  • motivation
    • moral — see moral motivation
  • Mulla Sadra (Sajjad Rizvi)
  • multi-modal logic, philosophical factors of (Sonja Smets and Fernando Velázquez-Quesada)
  • multiculturalism (Sarah Song)
  • a couple of realizability (John Bickle)
  • music
    • records of western philosophy of, antiquity to 1800 (Matteo Ravasio)
    • records of western philosophy of, because 1800 (Matteo Ravasio)
  • song, philosophy of (Andrew Kania)
  • mysticism (Jerome Gellman)
  • myths, Plato’s — see Plato: myths

N [jump to top]

  • Nāgārjuna (Jan Christoph Westerhoff)
  • names (Sam Cumming)
  • nationalism (Nenad Miscevic)
  • Native Japan Studies (Kokugaku) School — see Japanese Philosophy: Kokugaku School
  • Natorp, Paul (Alan Kim)
  • naturalism (David Papineau)
    • in epistemology — see epistemology: naturalism in
    • in prison philosophy (Brian Leiter and Matthew X. Etchemendy)
    • within the philosophy of mathematics — see arithmetic, philosophy of: naturalism
    • moral (Matthew Lutz and James Lenman)
  • natural kinds (Alexander Bird and Emma Tobin)
  • herbal law
    • way of life in ethics — see ethics: natural regulation subculture
  • herbal philosophy
    • in the Renaissance (Eva Del Soldato)
  • herbal choice (Peter Gildenhuys)
    • devices and levels of (Elisabeth Lloyd)
  • nature of law (Andrei Marmor and Alexander Sarch)
    • interpretivist theories (Nicos Stavropoulos)
    • legal positivism (Leslie Green and Thomas Adams)
    • herbal regulation theories (John Finnis)
    • pure principle of regulation (Andrei Marmor)
  • Navya-Nyāya — see Early Modern India, analytic philosophy in
  • essential and enough situations (Andrew Brennan)
  • vital beings
    • and God — see God: and different necessary beings
  • wishes, in moral and political philosophy (Gillian Brock and David Miller)
  • negation (Laurence R. Horn and Heinrich Wansing)
  • Négritude (Souleymane Bachir Diagne)
  • Neo-Daoism (Alan Chan)
  • neo-Kantianism (Jeremy Heis)
  • neoliberalism (Kevin Vallier)
  • Neoplatonism (Christian Wildberg)
  • Neurath, Otto (Jordi Cat)
  • neuroethics (Adina Roskies)
  • neuroscience, philosophy of (John Bickle, Peter Mandik, and Anthony Landreth)
  • impartial monism (Leopold Stubenberg)
  • Newton, Isaac (George Smith)
    • Philosophiae Naturalis Principia Mathematica (George Smith)
    • philosophy (Andrew Janiak)
    • perspectives on space, time, and motion (Robert Rynasiewicz)
  • Nicholas of Autrecourt [de Altricuria, Autricuria, Ultricuria, Autricort] (Hans Thijssen)
  • Nicolas of Cusa — see Cusanus, Nicolaus
  • Nietzsche, Friedrich (R. Lanier Anderson)
    • lifestyles and works (Robert Wicks)
    • moral and political philosophy (Brian Leiter)
  • Nishida Kitarō (John C. Maraldo)
  • noema — see Husserl, Edmund
  • nominalism
    • in metaphysics (Gonzalo Rodriguez-Pereyra)
    • in the philosophy of arithmetic — see mathematics, philosophy of: nominalism
  • non-naturalism, moral — see ethical non-naturalism
  • nonconceptual content material — see mental content material: nonconceptual
  • nonexistent gadgets (Maria Reicher)
  • nonidentity trouble (M. A. Roberts)
  • ordinary shape games
    • logics for studying strength in — see common sense: for reading electricity in everyday form games
  • normative cognition, psychology of (Daniel Kelly and Stephen Setman)
  • normativity
    • good judgment — see good judgment, normative popularity of
    • which means — see meaning: normativity of
  • norms of cooperation — see social norms
  • Norris, John (June Yang)
  • nothingness (Roy Sorensen)
  • Novalis [Georg Friedrich Philipp von Hardenberg] (Kristin Gjesdal)
  • Nozick, Robert
    • political philosophy (Eric Mack)
  • Numenius (George Karamanolis)

O [leap to top]

  • Oakeshott, Michael (Terry Nardin)
  • item (Bradley Rettler and Andrew M. Bailey)
  • objectivity
    • clinical — see scientific objectivity
  • obligation
    • legal — see criminal responsibility and authority
  • obligationes, medieval theories of (Paul Vincent Spade and Mikko Yrjönsuuri)
  • responsibilities
    • unique (Diane Jeske)
  • occasionalism (Sukjae Lee)
  • Ockham [Occam], William (Paul Vincent Spade and Claude Panaccio)
  • Olivi, Peter John (Robert Pasnau and Juhana Toivanen)
  • Olympiodorus (Christian Wildberg)
  • omnipotence (Joshua Hoffman and Gary Rosenkrantz)
  • omnipresence (Edward Wierenga)
  • omniscience (Edward Wierenga)
  • ontological arguments (Graham Oppy)
  • ontological dedication (Phillip Bricker)
  • ontological dependence — see dependence, ontological
  • ontology
    • social — see social ontology
  • ontology of art, history of (Paisley Livingston)
  • operationalism (Hasok Chang)
  • ordinary gadgets (Daniel Z. Korman)
  • Oresme, Nicole (Stefan Kirschner)
  • Origen (Mark J. Edwards)
  • authentic position (Samuel Freeman)
  • Ortega y Gasset, José (Oliver Holmes)
  • different minds (Anita Avramides)
  • possession, property and — see belongings and ownership

P [bounce to top]

  • pacifism (Andrew Fiala)
  • ache (Murat Aydede)
  • Paine, Thomas (Mark Philp)
  • panentheism (John Culp)
  • panpsychism (Philip Goff, William Seager, and Sean Allen-Hermanson)
  • pantheism (William Mander)
  • paradox
    • Curry’s — see Curry’s paradox
    • Fitch’s paradox of knowability — see Fitch’s paradox of knowability
    • of the liar — see liar paradox
    • Russell’s paradox — see Russell’s paradox
    • Simpson’s paradox — see Simpson’s paradox
    • Skolem’s (Timothy Bays)
    • St. Petersburg paradox — see St. Petersburg paradox
    • of suspense — see suspense, paradox of
    • Zeno’s paradoxes — see Zeno of Elea: Zeno’s paradoxes
    • and current good judgment (Andrea Cantini and Riccardo Bruni)
    • epistemic — see epistemic paradoxes
  • parenthood and procreation (Elizabeth Brake and Joseph Millum)
  • Parmenides (John Palmer)
  • part/whole — see mereology
  • Pascal, Blaise (Desmond Clarke)
  • Pascal’s bet (Alan Hájek)
  • paternalism (Gerald Dworkin)
  • patriotism (Igor Primoratz)
  • Patrizi, Francesco (Fred Purnell)
  • Paul of Venice (Alessandro Conti)
  • Peirce, Benjamin (Ivor Grattan-Guinness and Alison Walsh)
  • Peirce, Charles Sanders (Robert Burch)
    • logic (Sun-Joo Shin and Eric Hammer)
    • principle of signs (Albert Atkin)
  • Penbygull, William (Alessandro Conti)
  • notion
    • motion-primarily based theories — see action-based theories of perception
    • auditory (Casey O’Callaghan)
    • the contents of (Susanna Siegel)
    • the disjunctive idea of (Matthew Soteriou)
    • epistemological problems of (Jack Lyons)
    • experience and justification (Nicholas Silins)
    • the problem of (Tim Crane and Craig French)
  • perceptual mastering — see mastering, perceptual
  • perfectionism, in moral and political philosophy (Steven Wall)
  • patience — see temporal elements
  • personal identification (Eric T. Olson)
    • and ethics (David Shoemaker)
  • personalism (Thomas D. Williams and Jan Olof Bengtsson)
  • non-public courting goods (Anca Gheaus)
  • men and women — see private identification
  • persons, treating as manner — see treating folks as method
  • Peter of Spain [= Petrus Hispanus] (Joke Spruyt)
  • Petrizi, Joane (Tengiz Iremadze)
  • phenomenal intentionality — see intentionality: exceptional
  • phenomenology (David Woodruff Smith)
    • of the Munich and Göttingen Circles (Alessandro Salice)
  • Philip the Chancellor (Colleen McCluskey)
  • Philodemus (David Blank)
  • Philolaus (Carl Huffman)
  • Philo of Alexandria (Carlos Lévy)
  • Philo of Larissa (Charles Brittain and Peter Osorio)
  • Philoponus (Christian Wildberg)
  • philosophy of technological know-how
    • in Latin America (Olimpia Lombardi, Alberto Cordero, and Ana Rosa Pérez Ransanz)
  • Philo the Dialectician — see Dialectical School
  • physicalism (Daniel Stoljar)
  • physics
    • experiment in (Allan Franklin and Slobodan Perovic)
    • holism and nonseparability (Richard Healey)
    • intertheory members of the family in (Robert Batterman)
    • quantum discipline principle — see quantum theory: quantum area idea
    • structuralism in (Heinz-Juergen Schmidt)
    • symmetry and symmetry breaking (Katherine Brading, Elena Castellani, and Nicholas Teh)
  • physis and nomos — see Sophists, The
  • Pico della Mirandola, Giovanni (Brian Copenhaver)
  • pineal gland — see Descartes, René: and the pineal gland
  • Plato (Richard Kraut)
    • aesthetics (Nickolas Pappas)
    • Callicles and Thrasymachus (Rachel Barney)
    • Cratylus (David Sedley)
    • ethics (Dorothea Frede)
    • ethics and politics in The Republic (Eric Brown)
    • friendship and eros (C. D. C. Reeve)
    • method and metaphysics in the Sophist and Statesman (Mary-Louise Gill)
    • middle period metaphysics and epistemology (Allan Silverman)
    • myths (Catalin Partenie)
    • on know-how in the Theaetetus (Sophie-Grace Chappell)
    • on utopia (Chris Bobonich and Katherine Meadows)
    • Parmenides (Samuel Rickless)
    • rhetoric and poetry (Charles L. Griswold)
    • shorter moral works (Paul Woodruff)
    • Timaeus (Donald Zeyl and Barbara Sattler)
  • Platonism
    • in metaphysics (Mark Balaguer)
    • within the philosophy of arithmetic (Øystein Linnebo)
  • pride (Leonard D. Katz)
  • Plotinus (Lloyd Gerson)
  • pluralism
    • religious — see non secular range
  • plurality of forms — see binarium famosissimum
  • plural quantification (Øystein Linnebo)
  • Plutarch (George Karamanolis)
  • Poincaré, Henri (Gerhard Heinzmann and David Stump)
  • Polgar, Isaac — see Polqar, Isaac
  • political responsibility (Richard Dagger and David Lefkowitz)
  • political philosophy
    • ancient (Melissa Lane)
    • medieval (John Kilcullen and Jonathan Robinson)
  • political realism
    • in worldwide members of the family (W. Julian Korab-Karpowicz)
  • political idea and religion — see religion and political theory
  • Polqar, Isaac (Racheli Haliva)
  • Pomponazzi, Pietro (Craig Martin)
  • Popper, Karl (Stephen Thornton)
  • populace genetics — see genetics: population
  • pornography
    • and censorship (Caroline West)
  • Porphyry (Eyjólfur Emilsson)
  • Porta, Giambattista della (Sergius Kodera)
  • Port Royal Logic (Jill Buroker)
  • possible objects (Takashi Yagisawa)
  • viable worlds (Christopher Menzel)
  • postmodernism (Gary Aylesworth)
  • Poulain de la Barre, François (Martina Reuter)
  • poverty of the stimulus argument — see innateness: and language
  • sensible cause (R. Jay Wallace)
    • medieval theories of (Anthony Celano)
    • and the structure of actions (Elijah Millgram)
  • pragmatic arguments and belief in God (Jeff Jordan)
  • pragmatics (Kepa Korta and John Perry)
    • defaults in — see defaults in semantics and pragmatics
  • pragmatism (Catherine Legg and Christopher Hookway)
  • prayer
    • petitionary (Scott A. Davison)
  • predicate calculus — see good judgment: classical
  • prediction as opposed to accommodation (Eric Christian Barnes)
  • predictivism — see prediction versus accommodation
  • choices (Sven Ove Hansson and Till Grüne-Yanoff)
  • preformationism — see developmental biology: epigenesis and preformationism
  • pregnancy, start, and medicine (Rebecca Kukla and Katherine Wayne)
  • prenatal trying out and screening — see eugenics
  • presentism (David Ingram and Jonathan Tallant)
  • Presocratic Philosophy (Patricia Curd)
  • presupposition (David I. Beaver, Bart Geurts, and Kristie Denlinger)
  • Price, Richard (David McNaughton)
  • Prichard, Harold Arthur (Jonathan Dancy)
  • Principia Mathematica (Bernard Linsky and Andrew David Irvine)
    • notation in (Bernard Linsky)
  • precept of enough cause (Yitzhak Y. Melamed and Martin Lin)
  • Prior, Arthur (B. Jack Copeland)
  • prisoner’s predicament (Steven Kuhn)
  • privacy (Judith DeCew)
    • and facts era — see facts era: and privacy
    • and medicinal drug — see ethics, biomedical: privateness and medicine
  • non-public language (Stewart Candlish and George Wrisley)
  • probabilities, obscure (Seamus Bradley)
  • chances, indeterminate — see chances, obscure
  • possibility, in medieval and Renaissance philosophy (Rudolf Schuessler)
  • chance, interpretations of (Alan Hájek)
  • possibility and good judgment — see common sense: and chance
  • procedural fairness — see rule of law and procedural fairness
  • procedure philosophy (Johanna Seibt)
  • procedure theism (Donald Viney)
  • Proclus (Christoph Helmig and Carlos Steel)
  • procreation — see parenthood and procreation
  • Prodicus — see Sophists, The
  • progress (Margaret Meek Lange)
  • promises (Allen Habib)
  • evidence principle (Michael Rathjen and Wilfried Sieg)
    • development of (Jan von Plato)
  • residences (Francesco Orilia and Michele Paolini Paoletti)
    • emergent — see emergent properties
    • vital vs. unintentional — see essential vs. accidental residences
    • natural (Cian Dorr)
  • assets
    • intellectual (Adam Moore and Ken Himma)
  • property and ownership (Jeremy Waldron)
  • prophecy (Scott A. Davison)
  • propositional mindset reviews (Michael Nelson)
  • propositional function (Edwin Mares)
  • propositions (Matthew McGrath and Devin Frank)
    • singular (Greg Fitch and Michael Nelson)
    • established (Jeffrey C. King)
  • Protagoras (Mauro Bonazzi)
  • windfall, divine (Hugh J. McCann and Daniel M. Johnson)
  • Pseudo-Dionysius the Areopagite (Kevin Corrigan and L. Michael Harrington)
  • pseudo-technology, technological know-how and — see technology: and pseudo-technology
  • psyche — see soul, ancient theories of
  • psychiatry, philosophy of (Dominic Murphy)
  • psychologism (Martin Kusch)
  • psychology
    • evolutionary (Stephen M. Downes)
  • public items (Julian Reiss)
  • public fitness
    • ethics (Ruth Faden, Justin Bernstein, and Sirine Shebaya)
  • exposure (Axel Gosseries and Tom Parr)
  • public cause (Jonathan Quong)
  • Pufendorf, Samuel Freiherr von
    • ethical and political philosophy (Michael Seidler)
  • punishment, criminal (Antony Duff and Zachary Hoskins)
  • Pyrrho (Richard Bett)
  • Pyrrhonism — see skepticism: historic
  • Pythagoras (Carl Huffman)
  • Pythagoreanism (Carl Huffman)

Q [leap to pinnacle]

  • Qing philosophy — see Chinese Philosophy: Qing philosophy
  • qualia (Michael Tye)
    • inverted (Alex Byrne)
    • knowledge argument (Martine Nida-Rümelin and Donnchadh O Conaill)
  • qualiton — see tropes
  • quantifiers and quantification (Gabriel Uzquiano)
  • quantum mechanics (Jenann Ismael)
    • motion at a distance in (Joseph Berkovitz)
    • Bell’s Theorem — see Bell’s Theorem
    • Bohmian mechanics (Sheldon Goldstein)
    • collapse theories (Giancarlo Ghirardi and Angelo Bassi)
    • consistent histories method (Robert B. Griffiths)
    • Copenhagen interpretation of (Jan Faye)
    • Everett’s relative-state components of (Jeffrey Barrett)
    • Kochen-Specker theorem (Carsten Held)
    • many-worlds interpretation of (Lev Vaidman)
    • modal interpretations of (Olimpia Lombardi and Dennis Dieks)
    • relational (Federico Laudisa and Carlo Rovelli)
    • retrocausality (Simon Friederich and Peter W. Evans)
    • the position of decoherence in (Guido Bacciagaluppi)
  • quantum concept
    • Bayesian and pragmatist views (Richard Healey)
    • and awareness (Harald Atmanspacher)
    • the Einstein-Podolsky-Rosen argument in (Arthur Fine)
    • identity and individuality in (Steven French)
    • and mathematical rigor (Fred Kronz and Tracy Lupher)
    • the size hassle — see quantum principle: philosophical problems in
    • philosophical troubles in (Wayne Myrvold)
    • quantum computing (Amit Hagar and Michael Cuffaro)
    • quantum entanglement and data (Jeffrey Bub)
    • quantum area principle (Meinard Kuhlmann)
    • quantum gravity (Steven Weinstein and Dean Rickles)
    • quantum good judgment and opportunity theory (Alexander Wilce)
    • uncertainty precept in — see Uncertainty Principle
  • questions (Charles Cross and Floris Roelofsen)
  • Quine, Willard van Orman
    • Quine, Willard Van Orman (Peter Hylton and Gary Kemp)
    • New Foundations (Thomas Forster)
    • quotation (Herman Cappelen, Ernest Lepore, and Matthew McKeever)

    R [jump to pinnacle]

    • race (Michael James and Adam Burgos)
    • Radulphus Brito (Ana María Mora-Márquez and Iacopo Costa)
    • Ramsay, Allan — see Scottish Philosophy: inside the 18th Century
    • Ramsey, Frank (Fraser MacBride, Mathieu Marion, María José Frápolli, Dorothy Edgington, Edward Elliott, Sebastian Lutz, and Jeffrey Paris)
      • and intergenerational welfare economics (Partha Dasgupta)
    • Ramus, Petrus (Erland Sellberg)
    • Rand, Ayn (Neera K. Badhwar and Roderick T. Long)
    • randomness
      • as opposed to chance — see threat: versus randomness
    • rational preference, normative
      • predicted software (R. A. Briggs)
    • rationalism vs. empiricism (Peter Markie)
    • rationality
      • Bayesian — see epistemology: Bayesian
      • bounded — see bounded rationality
      • epistemic foundations of game theory — see sport idea: epistemic foundations of
      • historicist theories of (Thomas Nickles)
      • instrumental (Niko Kolodny and John Brunero)
    • Rawls, John (Leif Wenar)
    • realism (Alexander Miller)
      • challenges to metaphysical (Drew Khlentzos)
      • ethical — see ethical realism
      • political, in worldwide members of the family — see political realism: in worldwide relations
      • medical — see clinical realism
      • structural — see structural realism
      • and idea exchange in technological know-how (Stathis Psillos)
    • reasoning
      • computerized (Frederic Portoraro)
      • via analogy — see analogy and analogical reasoning
      • defeasible (Robert Koons)
      • moral (Henry S. Richardson)
    • reasons for motion
      • agent-impartial vs. agent-relative (Michael Ridge)
      • inner vs. outside (Stephen Finlay and Mark Schroeder)
      • justification, motivation, clarification (Maria Alvarez)
    • recognition (Mattias Iser)
    • reconciliation (Linda Radzik and Colleen Murphy)
    • recursion — see recursion
    • recursive features (Walter Dean)
    • redistribution (Christian Barry)
    • reduction, scientific (Raphael van Riel and Robert Van Gulick)
      • in biology (Ingo Brigandt and Alan Love)
      • in physics — see physics: intertheory relations in
    • reference (Eliot Michaelson and Marga Reimer)
    • reflective equilibrium (Norman Daniels)
    • Regius, Henricus (Desmond Clarke and Erik-Jan Bos)
    • Rehberg, August Wilhelm (Frederick C. Beiser)
    • Reichenbach, Hans (Clark Glymour and Frederick Eberhardt)
      • common purpose precept (Christopher Hitchcock and Miklós Rédei)
    • Reid, Thomas (Ryan Nichols and Gideon Yaffe)
      • ethics (Terence Cuneo)
      • on reminiscence and private identity (Rebecca Copenhaver)
    • Reinach, Adolf (James DuBois and Barry Smith)
    • Reinhold, Karl Leonhard (Dan Breazeale)
    • reism (Jan Woleński)
    • family members (Fraser MacBride)
      • medieval theories of (Jeffrey Brower)
    • relativism (Maria Baghramian and J. Adam Carter)
      • moral — see moral relativism
    • relaton — see tropes
    • reliabilist epistemology (Alvin Goldman and Bob Beddor)
    • faith
      • epistemology of (Peter Forrest)
      • feminist philosophy of — see feminist philosophy, interventions: philosophy of religion
      • and morality (John Hare)
      • philosophy of (Charles Taliaferro)
      • and technological know-how (Helen De Cruz)
    • religion, herbal — see theology, natural and natural religion
    • faith, phenomenology of (Mark Wynn)
    • religion and political concept (Chris Eberle and Terence Cuneo)
    • religious variety (David Basinger)
    • religious revel in (Mark Webb)
    • spiritual language (Michael Scott)
    • reparations, Black (Bernard Boxill)
    • replication and replica (John S. Wilkins and Pierrick Bourrat)
    • illustration, political (Suzanne Dovi)
    • representation, clinical — see clinical illustration
    • reproducibility, clinical (Fiona Fidler and John Wilcox)
    • republicanism (Frank Lovett)
    • repugnant end, the (Gustaf Arrhenius, Jesper Ryberg, and Torbjörn Tännsjö)
    • resistance, ingenious — see ingenious resistance
    • recognize (Robin S. Dillon)
    • duty
      • collective (Marion Smiley)
    • retributive justice — see justice: retributive
    • revelation, divine (Mats Wahlberg)
    • revolution (Allen Buchanan)
    • Richard the Sophister [Ricardus Sophista, Magister abstractionum] (Paul Streveler)
    • Rickert, Heinrich (Andrea Staiti)
    • Ricoeur, Paul (David Pellauer and Bernard Dauenhauer)
    • rights (Leif Wenar)
      • of children (David William Archard)
      • civil — see civil rights
      • group (Peter Jones)
      • human (James Nickel)
      • prison — see felony rights
      • territorial — see territorial rights and justice
    • rigid designators (Joseph LaPorte)
    • danger (Sven Ove Hansson)
    • robotics
      • ethics of — see synthetic intelligence: ethics of
    • position responsibilities — see obligations: special
    • Rorty, Richard (Bjørn Ramberg and Susan Dieleman)
    • Rosenstock-Huessy, Eugen (Wayne Cristaudo)
    • Rosenzweig, Franz (Benjamin Pollock)
    • Rosmini, Antonio (Denis Cleary)
    • Ross, William David (Anthony Skelton)
    • Rousseau, Jean Jacques (Christopher Bertram)
    • Routley [Sylvan], Richard — see Sylvan, Richard
    • Royce, Josiah (Kelly A. Parker and Scott Pratt)
    • Rufus, Richard — see Richard the Sophister
    • rule consequentialism — see consequentialism: rule
    • rule of regulation and procedural fairness (Jeremy Waldron)
    • Russell, Bertrand (Andrew David Irvine)
      • logical atomism — see logical atomism: Russell’s
      • ethical philosophy (Charles Pigden)
    • Russell’s paradox (Andrew David Irvine and Harry Deutsch)
    • Ryle, Gilbert (Julia Tanney)

    S [jump to top]

    • Saadya [Saadiah] (Sarah Pessin)
    • Śāntarakṣita (James Blumenthal and James Apple)
    • Śāntideva (Charles Goodman)
    • Sakya Paṇḍita [sa skya paṇ ḍi ta] (Jonathan C. Gold)
    • sale of human organs (Stephen Wilkinson)
    • Salmon, Wesley (Maria Carla Galavotti)
    • Sanches, Francisco (Rolando Pérez)
    • Santayana, George (Herman Saatkamp and Martin Coleman)
    • Sartre, Jean-Paul (Thomas Flynn)
    • scepticism — see skepticism
    • Scheler, Max (Zachary Davis and Anthony Steinbock)
    • Schelling, Friedrich Wilhelm Joseph von (Andrew Bowie)
    • schema (John Corcoran and Idris Samawi Hamid)
    • Schiller, Friedrich (Lydia L. Moland)
    • Schlegel, August Wilhelm von (Katia D. Hay)
    • Schlegel, Friedrich (Allen Speight)
    • Schleiermacher, Friedrich Daniel Ernst (Michael Forster)
    • Schlick, Moritz (Thomas Oberdan)
    • Schmitt, Carl (Lars Vinx)
    • Scholem, Gershom (Shaul Magid)
    • Scholz, Heinrich (Volker Peckhaus)
    • School of Names (Chris Fraser)
    • School of Salamanca (Thomas Izbicki and Matthias Kaufmann)
    • Schopenhauer, Arthur (Robert Wicks)
      • aesthetics (Sandra Shapshay)
    • Schutz, Alfred (Michael Barber)
    • technological know-how
      • models in — see models in science
      • and pseudo-science (Sven Ove Hansson)
      • idea and remark in (Nora Mills Boyd and James Bogen)
      • solidarity of (Jordi Cat)
    • medical discovery (Jutta Schickore)
    • medical explanation (James Woodward and Lauren Ross)
    • scientific understanding
      • social dimensions of (Helen Longino)
    • clinical method (Brian Hepburn and Hanne Andersen)
    • clinical objectivity (Julian Reiss and Jan Sprenger)
    • clinical progress (Ilkka Niiniluoto)
    • scientific realism (Anjan Chakravartty)
      • and principle change — see realism: and principle trade in technological know-how
    • medical illustration (Roman Frigg and James Nguyen)
    • clinical studies and big records (Sabina Leonelli)
    • scientific revolutions (Thomas Nickles)
    • clinical theories
      • incommensurability of — see incommensurability: of medical theories
      • structure of (Rasmus Grønfeldt Winther)
      • underdetermination of — see underdetermination, of medical theories
    • Scottish Philosophy
      • in the 18th Century (Alexander Broadie)
      • inside the 19th century (Gordon Graham)
    • Scottus [Scotus] Eriugena [Erigena], John — see Eriugena, John Scottus
    • Scotus, John Duns — see Duns Scotus, John
    • Scudéry, Madeleine de (John Conley)
    • search engines like google and yahoo and ethics — see ethics: search engines like google and
    • Sebond, Raymond — see Montaigne, Michel de
    • secession (Allen Buchanan)
    • self
      • feminist perspectives at the — see feminist philosophy, subjects: views on the self
      • knowledge — see self-knowledge
    • self-attention (Joel Smith)
      • phenomenological techniques to (Shaun Gallagher and Dan Zahavi)
    • self-deception (Ian Deweese-Boyd)
    • self-defense (Helen Frowe and Jonathan Parry)
    • self-doubt, epistemic (Sherrilyn Roush)
    • self-understanding (Brie Gertler)
      • and externalism — see externalism: and self-understanding
    • self-reference (Thomas Bolander)
    • self-recognize — see appreciate
    • Sellars, Wilfrid (Willem deVries)
    • semantic holism — see which means holism
    • semantics
      • defaults in — see defaults in semantics and pragmatics
      • dynamic (Rick Nouwen, Adrian Brasoveanu, Jan van Eijck, and Albert Visser)
      • Montague (Theo M. V. Janssen and Thomas Ede Zimmermann)
      • proof-theoretic (Peter Schroeder-Heister)
      • two-dimensional (Laura Schroeter)
    • semiotics
      • medieval (Stephan Meier-Oeser)
    • Seneca (Katja Vogt)
    • feel information (Gary Hatfield)
    • sensibility idea — see becoming attitude theories of value
    • sentimentalism, ethical — see moral sentimentalism
    • set principle (Joan Bagaria)
      • opportunity axiomatic theories (M. Randall Holmes)
      • positive and intuitionistic ZF (Laura Crosilla)
      • continuum speculation (Peter Koellner)
      • early development (José Ferreirós)
      • independence and big cardinals (Peter Koellner)
      • big cardinals and determinacy (Peter Koellner)
      • non-wellfounded (Lawrence S. Moss)
      • Zermelo’s axiomatization of (Michael Hallett)
    • intercourse and sexuality (Raja Halwani)
    • Sextus Empiricus (Benjamin Morison)
    • Shaftesbury, Lord [Anthony Ashley Cooper, 3rd Earl of] (Michael B. Gill)
      • idea of emotion — see emotion: seventeenth and 18th century theories of
    • Sharpe, Johannes (Alessandro Conti)
    • Shepherd, Mary (Martha Bolton)
    • Sidgwick, Henry (Barton Schultz)
    • Simon of Faversham (Ana María Mora-Márquez)
    • simplicity (Alan Baker)
      • divine (William F. Vallicella)
    • Simplicius (Christoph Helmig)
    • Simpson’s paradox (Jan Sprenger and Naftali Weinberger)
    • simulations in technological know-how (Eric Winsberg)
    • sin, in Christian thought (Kevin Timpe)
    • singular phrases
      • medieval theories of (E. Jennifer Ashworth)
    • situations
      • in herbal language semantics (Angelika Kratzer)
    • skeptical theism (Trent Dougherty)
    • skepticism (Juan Comesaña and Peter Klein)
      • approximately ethical obligation (Gregg Caruso)
      • ancient (Katja Vogt)
      • and content externalism (Michael McKinsey)
      • in Latin America (Plínio Junqueira Smith and Otávio Bueno)
      • medieval (Charles Bolyard)
      • moral — see moral skepticism
    • Skolem’s paradox — see paradox: Skolem’s
    • Smith, Adam — see Scottish Philosophy: inside the 18th Century
      • ethical and political philosophy (Samuel Fleischacker)
    • Smith, John — see Cambridge Platonists
    • social preference principle (Christian List)
    • social creation
      • naturalistic procedures to (Ron Mallon)
    • social contract — see contractarianism
      • contemporary approaches to (Fred D’Agostino, Gerald Gaus, and John Thrasher)
    • social epistemology — see epistemology: social
    • social establishments (Seumas Miller)
    • socialism (Pablo Gilabert and Martin O’Neill)
    • social minimal [fundamental earnings] (Stuart White)
    • social networking and ethics (Shannon Vallor)
    • social norms (Cristina Bicchieri, Ryan Muldoon, and Alessandro Sontuoso)
    • social ontology (Brian Epstein)
    • social processes, formal tactics (Jan van Eijck and Rineke (L.C.) Verbrugge)
    • sociobiology (Catherine Driscoll)
    • Socrates (Debra Nails)
    • Sophie de Grouchy (Sandrine Berges)
    • sophismata [= sophisms] (Fabienne Pironet and Joke Spruyt)
    • Sophists, The (C.C.W. Taylor and Mi-Kyoung Lee)
    • Sorites paradox (Dominic Hyde and Diana Raffman)
    • sortals (Richard E. Grandy and Max A. Freund)
    • soul, historical theories of (Hendrik Lorenz)
    • sounds (Roberto Casati, Jerome Dokic, and Elvira Di Bona)
    • sovereignty (Daniel Philpott)
    • space and time
      • absolute and relational space and movement, classical theories (Carl Hoefer, Nick Huggett, and James Read)
      • absolute and relational space and movement, post-Newtonian theories (Nick Huggett, Carl Hoefer, and James Read)
      • being and turning into in contemporary physics (Steven Savitt)
      • conventionality of simultaneity (Allen Janis)
      • the hole argument (John D. Norton)
      • inertial frames (Robert DiSalle)
      • singularities and black holes (Erik Curiel)
      • supertasks (JB Manchak and Bryan W. Roberts)
    • species (Marc Ereshefsky)
    • speech acts (Mitchell Green)
    • Spencer, Herbert (David Weinstein)
    • Speusippus (Russell Dancy)
    • Spinoza, Baruch (Steven Nadler)
      • modal metaphysics (Samuel Newlands)
      • physical theory (Richard Manning)
      • political philosophy (Justin Steinberg)
      • mental idea (Michael LeBuffe)
      • idea of attributes (Noa Shein)
      • principle of emotion — see emotion: 17th and 18th century theories of
    • recreation, philosophy of (John William Devine and Francisco Javier Lopez Frias)
    • square of opposition (Terence Parsons)
    • Śrīharṣa (Nilanjan Das)
    • St. Petersburg paradox (Martin Peterson)
    • states of affairs (Mark Textor)
    • statistical physics
      • Boltzmann’s paintings in (Jos Uffink)
      • philosophy of statistical mechanics (Lawrence Sklar)
    • facts, philosophy of (Jan-Willem Romeijn)
    • Stebbing, Susan (Michael Beaney and Siobhan Chapman)
    • Stein, Edith (Thomas Szanto and Dermot Moran)
    • stem cellular research, ethics of — see ethics, biomedical: stem mobile studies
    • Sterry, Peter — see Cambridge Platonists
    • Stevenson, Charles Leslie (Daniel R. Boisvert and Teemu Toppinen)
    • Stewart, Dugald — see Scottish Philosophy: within the 18th Century
    • Stirner, Max (David Leopold)
    • Stoicism (Dirk Baltzly)
    • Strauss, Leo (Leora Batnitzky)
    • Strawson, Peter Frederick (Paul Snowdon and Anil Gomes)
    • structuralism
      • in arithmetic — see arithmetic, philosophy of: structuralism
      • in physics — see physics: structuralism in
    • structural realism (James Ladyman)
    • Stumpf, Carl (Denis Fisette)
    • Sturm, Johann (Andrea Sangiacomo and Christian Henkel)
    • fashion
      • in mathematics (Paolo Mancosu)
    • Suárez, Francisco (Christopher Shields and Daniel Schwartz)
    • substance (Howard Robinson)
    • substructural logics — see logic: substructural
    • Suhrawardi (Roxanne Marcotte)
    • suicide (Michael Cholbi)
    • supererogation (David Heyd)
    • supervenience (Brian McLaughlin and Karen Bennett)
      • in ethics (Tristram McPherson)
    • surrogate decision-making for incompetent individuals — see boost directives
    • suspense, paradox of (Aaron Smuts)
    • syllogism
      • medieval theories of (Henrik Lagerlund)
    • Sylvan [Routley], Richard (Dominic Hyde, Filippo Casati, and Zach Weber)
    • symmetry and symmetry breaking — see physics: symmetry and symmetry breaking
    • synthetic — see analytic/synthetic distinction
    • Syrianus (Christian Wildberg)
    • structures and synthetic biology, philosophy of (Sara Green)

    T [leap to top]

    • Taoism — see Daoism
    • Tarski, Alfred (Mario Gómez-Torrente)
      • fact definitions (Wilfrid Hodges)
    • Taurellus, Nicolaus (Andreas Blank)
    • techne — see episteme and techne
    • generation, philosophy of (Maarten Franssen, Gert-Jan Lokhorst, and Ibo van de Poel)
    • teleology
      • teleological arguments for God’s life (Del Ratzsch and Jeffrey Koperski)
      • teleological notions in biology (Colin Allen and Jacob Neal)
      • teleological theories of intellectual content material — see mental content material: teleological theories of
    • Telesio, Bernardino (Michaela Boenke)
    • temporal cognizance — see awareness: temporal
    • temporal parts (Katherine Hawley)
    • stressful and aspect (Friedrich Hamm and Oliver Bott)
    • phrases, residences of
      • medieval theories of (Stephen Read)
    • territorial rights and justice (Margaret Moore)
    • terrorism (Igor Primoratz)
    • testimony
      • epistemological issues of (Nick Leonard)
    • theater, philosophy of (James R. Hamilton)
    • theism
      • atheism and agnosticism — see atheism and agnosticism
      • monotheism — see monotheism
      • panentheism — see panentheism
      • pantheism — see pantheism
      • technique — see manner theism
      • skeptical — see skeptical theism
    • theology, natural and herbal faith (Andrew Chignell and Derk Pereboom)
    • Theology of Aristotle (Peter Adamson)
    • Theophrastus (Katerina Ierodiakonou)
    • theoretical terms in science (Holger Andreas)
    • thick moral ideas (Pekka Väyrynen)
    • Thomas of Erfurt (Jack Zupko)
    • Thoreau, Henry David (Rick Anthony Furtak)
    • idea, associationist theories of — see associationist theories of notion
    • thought experiments (James Robert Brown and Yiftach Fehige)
    • Thrasymachus — see Plato: Callicles and Thrasymachus
    • Tibbon, Samuel Ibn (James T. Robinson)
    • Tibetan epistemology and philosophy of language (Pascale Hugon)
    • time (Nina Emery, Ned Markosian, and Meghan Sullivan)
      • being and turning into in modern physics — see area and time: being and becoming in modern-day physics
      • the enjoy and notion of (Robin Le Poidevin)
      • thermodynamic asymmetry in (Craig Callender)
    • time machines (John Earman, Christian Wüthrich, and JB Manchak)
    • time tour (Nicholas J.J. Smith)
      • and contemporary physics (Frank Arntzenius and Tim Maudlin)
    • Timon of Phlius (Richard Bett)
    • toleration (Rainer Forst)
    • torts, theories of the commonplace law of (Jules Coleman, Scott Hershovitz, and Gabriel Mendlow)
    • torture (Seumas Miller)
    • contact (Matthew Fulkerson)
    • transcendental arguments (Robert Stern)
      • Kant — see Kant, Immanuel: transcendental arguments
    • transcendentalism (Russell Goodman)
    • transcendentals, medieval theories of (Wouter Goris and Jan Aertsen)
    • trans troubles, feminist views on — see feminist philosophy, subjects: perspectives on trans issues
    • transmission of justification and warrant (Luca Moretti and Tommaso Piazza)
    • transworld identity — see identification: transworld
    • treating people as means (Samuel Kerstein)
    • trinity (Dale Tuggy)
    • tropes (Anna-Sofia Maurin)
    • accept as true with (Carolyn McLeod)
    • truth (Michael Glanzberg)
      • axiomatic theories of (Volker Halbach and Graham E. Leigh)
      • coherence principle of (James O. Young)
      • correspondence principle of (Marian David)
      • deflationary idea of (Daniel Stoljar and Nic Damnjanovic)
      • identification idea of (Richard Gaskin)
      • pluralist theories of (Nikolaj Jang Lee Linding Pedersen and Cory Wright)
      • pragmatic idea of (John Capps)
      • revision idea of (Philip Kremer)
      • Tarski’s concept of fact — see Tarski, Alfred: fact definitions
    • truthlikeness (Graham Oddie)
    • truthmakers (Fraser MacBride)
    • fact values (Yaroslav Shramko and Heinrich Wansing)
    • Tsongkhapa (Gareth Sparham)
    • Turing, Alan (Andrew Hodges)
    • Turing machines (Liesbeth De Mol)
    • Turing check (Graham Oppy and David Dowe)
    • Turnbull, George — see Scottish Philosophy: in the 18th Century
    • Twardowski, Kazimierz (Arianna Betti)
    • two truths in India, principle of (Sonam Thakchoe)
    • truths in Tibet, theory of (Sonam Thakchoe)
    • kinds and tokens (Linda Wetzel)
    • type principle (Thierry Coquand)
      • Church’s kind concept (Christoph Benzmüller and Peter Andrews)
      • optimistic — see type principle: intuitionistic
      • intuitionistic (Peter Dybjer and Erik Palmgren)

    U [jump to pinnacle]

    • Umar Khayyam (Mehdi Aminrazavi and Glen Van Brummelen)
    • Uncertainty Principle (Jan Hilgevoord and Jos Uffink)
    • underdetermination, of medical theories (Kyle Stanford)
    • expertise (Stephen Grimm)
    • units and tiers of natural choice — see natural selection: devices and stages of
    • harmony of technological know-how — see technology: cohesion of
    • ordinary hylomorphism — see binarium famosissimum
    • universals — see residences
      • the medieval hassle of (Gyula Klima)
    • utilitarianism — see consequentialism
      • records of (Julia Driver)
      • rule — see consequentialism: rule

    V [bounce to pinnacle]

    • vagueness (Roy Sorensen)
    • vagueness of composition — see many, hassle of
    • Vaihinger, Hans (Timothy Stoll)
    • validity — see logical reality
    • Valla, Lorenzo (Lodi Nauta)
    • price
      • incommensurable (Nien-hê Hsieh and Henrik Andersson)
      • intrinsic vs. extrinsic (Michael J. Zimmerman and Ben Bradley)
      • of expertise — see knowledge, price of
      • pluralism (Elinor Mason)
    • price principle (Mark Schroeder)
    • Vasubandhu (Jonathan C. Gold)
    • vegetarianism, ethics of (Tyler Doggett)
    • veil of lack of knowledge — see unique function
    • verbs, intensional transitive — see intensional transitive verbs
    • verisimilitude — see truthlikeness
    • Vico, Giambattista (Timothy Costelloe)
    • Vienna Circle (Thomas Uebel)
    • distinctive feature
      • historical theories of — see ethics: historical
    • virtue ethics — see ethics: distinctive feature
    • visual thinking in mathematics
      • epistemology of (Marcus Giaquinto)
    • Viterbo, James of — see James of Viterbo
    • Vives, Juan Luis (Lorenzo Casini)
    • volition — see unfastened will
    • Voltaire (J.B. Shank)
    • voluntarism, theological (Mark Murphy)
    • vote casting (Jason Brennan)
      • techniques (Eric Pacuit)

    W [soar to pinnacle]

    • Wang Yangming (Bryan Van Norden)
    • warfare (Seth Lazar)
    • Ward, James (Pierfrancesco Basile)
    • warrant, transmission of — see transmission of justification and warrant
    • Watsuji Tetsurō (Robert Carter and Erin McCarthy)
    • weakness of will (Sarah Stroud and Larisa Svirsky)
    • Weber, Max (Sung Ho Kim)
    • Weil, Simone (A. Rebecca Rozelle-Stone and Benjamin P. Davis)
    • nicely-being (Roger Crisp)
    • Weyl, Hermann (John L. Bell and Herbert Korté)
    • Whewell, William (Laura J. Snyder)
    • Whichcote, Benjamin — see Cambridge Platonists
    • Whitehead, Alfred North (Ronald Desmet and Andrew David Irvine)
    • William of Auvergne (Neil Lewis)
    • William of Champeaux (Kevin Guilfoy)
    • William of Ockham — see Ockham, William
    • William of Sherwood (Sara L. Uckelman)
    • Williams, Bernard (Sophie-Grace Chappell and Nicholas Smyth)
    • Williams, Donald Cary (Keith Campbell, James Franklin, and Douglas Ehring)
    • Wilson, John Cook (Mathieu Marion)
    • Windelband, Wilhelm (Katherina Kinzel)
    • awareness (Sharon Ryan)
    • Wittgenstein, Ludwig (Anat Biletzki and Anat Matar)
      • aesthetics (Garry Hagberg)
      • logical atomism (Ian Proops)
      • philosophy of arithmetic (Victor Rodych)
    • Wodeham, Adam de (John T. Slotemaker and Jeffrey C. Witt)
    • Wolff, Christian (Matt Hettche and Corey Dyck)
    • Wollstonecraft, Mary (Sylvana Tomaselli)
    • phrase meaning — see that means: of words
    • international authorities (Catherine Lu)
    • worlds
      • not possible — see impossible worlds
      • feasible — see feasible worlds
    • Wright, Chauncey (Jean De Groot)
    • Wundt, Wilhelm Maximilian (Alan Kim)
    • Wyclif, John (Alessandro Conti)
      • political Philosophy (Stephen Lahey)

    X [jump to pinnacle]

    • Xenocrates (Russell Dancy)
    • Xenophanes (James Lesher)
    • Xunzi (Paul R. Goldin)

    Y [soar to top]

    • Yorck von Wartenburg, Count Paul (Ingo Farin)

    Z [soar to top]

    • Zabarella, Giacomo (Heikki Mikkeli)
    • Zeno of Elea (John Palmer)
      • Zeno’s paradoxes (Nick Huggett)
    • Zermelo, Ernst
      • axiomatization of set principle — see set principle: Zermelo’s axiomatization of
    • Zhuangzi (Chad Hansen)
    • Zhu Xi (Kirill Thompson)
    • zombies (Robert Kirk)

    Projected Table of Contents

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