School ConnectivitySchool Access
In fall 2001, ninety nine percentage of public colleges inside the United States had access to the Internet.When NCES first started out estimating Internet get entry to in schools in 1994, 35 percent of public colleges had get entry to (desk 1).As suggested previously (Cattagni and Farris 2001), there were virtually no variations in school get admission to to the Internet by means of school characteristics on account that 1999.
Instructional Room Access
- Public colleges have made regular progress in increasing Internet get entry to in academic rooms 1,from 3 percentage in 1994 to 77 percentage in 2000 and 87 percent in 2001 (table 2).
- In 2001, as in preceding years, there were differences in Internet get admission to in instructional rooms by using college traits.For example, in schools with the highest minority enrollment (50 percentage or extra), a smaller percentage of educational rooms had been linked to the Internet (81 percent) than in faculties with decrease minority enrollments (88 to ninety percent of tutorial rooms) (desk 2).
- A similar pattern took place via poverty awareness.In 2001, colleges with the best poverty concentration (seventy five percent or more students eligible totally free or reduced-price lunch) had fewer rooms with Internet get right of entry to than colleges with less than 35 percent eligible students and colleges with 35 to 49 percentage eligible college students (79 percent of tutorial rooms in comparison with ninety and 89 percent, respectively) (table 2).
- Despite these persevering with differences, however, the share of educational rooms with Internet get entry to elevated between 2000 and 2001 in those schools: from 60 to 79 percentage in faculties with the best awareness of poverty, and from 64 to eighty one percent in schools with the highest minority enrollment (table 2).
Types of Connections
- Over the years, modifications have took place in the varieties of Internet connections used by public faculties and the speed at which they’re linked to the Internet.In 1996, dial-up Internet connections had been used by nearly three-fourths (seventy four percent) of public colleges having Internet get entry to (Heaviside, Riggins, and Farris 1997).In 2001, the majority of public faculties (fifty five percentage) pronounced the usage of T1/DS1 lines, a continuous and much faster type of Internet connection than dial-up connections, and 5 percent of faculties used dial-up connections (desk 3).
- In 2001, eighty five percent of public colleges used broadband connections to access the Internet (table 4).This is an growth from 2000, when 80 percentage of the faculties had been using this sort of connection 2.
- In 2001, as in 2000, the probability of the use of broadband connections increased with college size; in 2001, 72 percent of small schools mentioned the usage of broadband connections to get admission to the Internet, as compared with ninety six percentage of massive faculties (desk 4).
- The likelihood of the usage of broadband connections also accelerated with minority enrollment and poverty concentration.For example, in 2001, 81 percentage of public colleges with the bottom minority enrollment used broadband connections whilst connecting to the Internet, as compared with ninety three percent of faculties with the very best minority enrollment (desk four).
- The use of broadband connections improved among 2000 and 2001 from 81 percentage to 93 percent in faculties with the highest minority enrollment (table four).Similarly, the percentage of schools with the highest poverty awareness the usage of broadband connections to get entry to the Internet accelerated from seventy five percent to ninety percent.
1Instructional rooms encompass lecture rooms, pc and different labs, library/media centers, and some other rooms used for academic purposes.
2Respondents have been advised to circle as many forms of connections as there had been in the school.These possibilities include colleges using handiest broadband connections, as well as colleges using both broadband and narrowband connections.They do no longer consist of faculties using narrowband connections completely.Broadband connections consist of T3/DS3, fractional T3, T1/DS1, fractional T1, and cable modem connections.In 2001, they also included DSL connections, which had no longer been an choice at the 2000 questionnaire.